Scientific Journals: Publication Processes and Examples

International scientific journals: Publication Processes and Examples
International scientific journals are published as a means or media for the dissemination of research results in certain disciplines or subdisciplines. Publications of international scientific journals are generally in the form of articles including research reports, literature reviews, proposals on untested theories or opinion articles. The form of the published article depends very much on the policy of the journal institution itself or the journal publisher.
Articles written in international scientific journals are produced by individuals in the scientific community. The scientific community can consist of students, teachers, lecturers, researchers, professors, journalists and so on. Writing the article can be done individually or collectively. In general we already know that articles written must be scientific, meaning that they are produced through a research process that applies scientific methods.
This post will briefly discuss the understanding of international scientific journals, how journals are published, and what they look like. I suggest readers to position this post as an introduction to what is a journal as we often hear the term in the academic world. We begin the discussion from the definition.

Definition of international scientific journals
International scientific journals are often called academic journals. In English it is translated as ‘scientific journal’ or ‘academic journal’. Academic journals can be described as a collection of scientific articles that are published regularly in order to disseminate research results. Disseminated research results often challenge general assumptions that circulate among the public or challenge (critique) the findings of previous research. Dissemination results can also display new data in the academic literature.
Academic journals are always specific, meaning that they are written in the perspective of certain disciplines or disciplines. In other words, represent specialization in certain scientific fields. For example, a journal called ‘Acta Sociologica’, is an academic journal in the discipline of sociology. To get a clearer picture of what an international scientific journal is, we need to know how the process of publishing an academic journal.

The publication process of international scientific journals
We first imagine that there is a scientific community that forms associations. I will explain through examples as ‘props’ only. Suppose there is a scientific association called Pop Culture Studies. The association agreed to make an international scientific journal focused on discussing the phenomenon of pop culture from an anthropological perspective. The journal was given the name ‘Zambrut Journal’. Pop Studies culture does not happen to have its own publishing agency, so they publish their journals in existing publishers. The publisher, for example, is named ‘ZAMBRUT’.
Here we see that Pop Studies Culture wants to publish a journal called ‘Zambrut’ published by ZAMBRUT. Then, how is the journal published? The process is actually similar to other international article publications. It’s just that the value highlighted is the scientific value and its contribution to the academic field and / or public policy.
To publish the ‘Zambrut’ Journal, we (the authors) send manuscripts (manuscripts of articles) to Zambrut International Journal. The writer can be anyone but Zambrut’s editor and revealer. The manuscript, of course, must be related to the study of pop culture. Once written, the manuscript is received by the Zambrut Editor, then collected and sent to reviewers of the Zambrut journal, which usually consists of experts. Delivery to reviewers continues with the peer-review process (F-Febii Journal Articles, 2017.)
What is peer-reviewed? Peer-review is the process by which two or more experts related to the topic we write evaluate our manuscript at the request of a journal editor. Reviewers carefully give judgments based on their expertise. This assessment will determine whether our manuscript is suitable for publication, needs revision, or is not suitable for publication.
Often the review process involves circulating manuscripts between reviewers. It is important to know that the manuscripts that arrive at the reviewer are usually anonymous. That is, the name of the author and the author’s institution have been temporarily removed to avoid bias or subjectivity in judgment. Reviewers themselves are also usually anonymous so that the writer can maintain his objectivity when accepting the results of the review.
After the evaluation or review process is complete, the reviewer sends the manuscript along with the results of his evaluation to the journal editor. The results of the evaluation generally take the form of comments and criticisms of the writing, including what the strengths and weaknesses are substantively and technically. The editor reads the reviewers’ comments to consider whether the manuscript (article) is worthy of publication, needs to be revised or rejected.
One question that often arises is about payment. Does the reviewer receive financial compensation for his services? This depends on the institution of the journal. If the Pop Studies Cultural Association budgeted a fee for the reviewer, the reviewer would get paid for his services. Like reviewers, writers too. Some writers get paid, some don’t. In fact there are also writers who must pay when the article is published.
Another question that also often arises in the world of journalism is, does the content of journal articles reflect the position of the editor, journal management association, and journal publisher? The answer is no. Journal articles reflect the thoughts of their authors. Quite often journal publications are accompanied by a disclaimer that journal content does not represent the views of the journalists’ associations and publishers.

Benefits of international scientific journals
Some of the benefits that can be mentioned here include:
»As a means of developing knowledge. International scientific journals are the arena of intellectual discourse through writing. The development of science can be done with research findings, criticism of research findings, consensus building and new findings. The process continues. That’s how science develops and journals play an important role as a means.
»As a public policy database. Public policy requires academic texts as its foundation. Journals can act as a scientific basis for making public policy. Without scientific basis, public policy can be said to be made arbitrarily.
Several other benefits can be mentioned both qualitatively and quantitatively. Quantitatively, for example, the number of international scientific journal publications is usually used as a benchmark for the progress of an institution or institution such as a country, university, study center, and so on.

Research Design: Definition and Examples
The research design is a framework or sketch designed by researchers as a research plan (research plan). Research designs that are submitted for approval to conduct research are commonly called research proposals.
There are opinions that say that the research design can also be called a research design. Between the research plan and the research design, although definitively different, they can be referred to here as part of the research design.
Before discussing further research designs, we need to agree in advance what we mean as research designs. Some researchers say that the research design can be interpreted from the side, namely in the narrow sense and in the broad sense.
In the narrow sense, the research design includes the process of collecting and analyzing data. While in the broadest sense includes the entire research process from planning to reporting. The discussion of the research design in this post will depart from understanding in a broad sense.

Definition of research design
As mentioned above, the research design can be defined as a specific sketch or framework designed by researchers that describes the overall research process plan.
The reader may refer to it as a research plan or research design, provided that what is meant here is the same as the definition above. I deliberately do not dispute the definition between design, plan, and research design because in several lectures on research methods, teachers often use them interchangeably.
Because the definition we use is broad in its definition, the research design that will be presented here will cover the overall research framework. A brief explanation will accompany each framework in order to assist the reader in designing the research design.

Research design framework
The following is a framework or sketch of a commonly used research design:
Research title
Formulation of the problem
Research objectives and benefits
Literature review
Hypothesis
Population and sample / participants / research subjects
Research variables / conceptual boundaries / conceptual framework
Method of collecting data
Data analysis method
Report writing
The above design is not sacred, meaning that every study does not have to be exactly the same as the framework. Intutitively we can see that every point contained in the above design is indeed important, therefore there must be. For example, every research has a problem statement.
Important note goes to the hypothesis. In fact not all researchers, especially social researchers make hypotheses. According to him the hypothesis can limit the freedom of thought of social researchers. This problem is more suitable to be placed on the methodology debate table. Here we take it simply, namely the use of hypotheses is more necessary in quantitative research rather than qualitative.
In addition, the terms population and sample are also more relevant for quantitative research. Qualitative researchers usually use other terms, for example research subjects or participants. The reader does not need to force himself to write the same terms as the sample design above. I encourage readers to be creative using terms that are more relevant than the examples above if found.

Next, we briefly review the research design above from the title to writing the report.
Explanation of research design
Research title
The title is the shortest representation of the entire research substance. Making the title does not have to be at the beginning. I personally prefer making the title at the end when the report is nearing completion. However, I always make “judgments” to help remind the contents of the research being made.
Actually there are some tips for making a good research title, as explained in books, such as: affordable by the ability of researchers, attracting readers, arouse the curiosity of readers, relevant to the content, and so on. The tips in this post are only one, which represents content.
In practice it is not easy to make a title. Tutorial on how to make a good title can be useful if the reader has never tried it himself, reread, cross out, make a new title, cross out again, until it feels ‘click’. I think that making a research title is more like painting than writing. That is, writing the title is the art of finding phrases that are felt in accordance with the substance of the research.

Formulation of the problem
Super-brief understanding of the problem formulation is a case that wants to be investigated. In compiling the formulation of the problem, researchers usually question a phenomenon and define the phenomenon as a problem. In the eyes of others, maybe a phenomenon is not a problem at all, but in the eyes of researchers, what they want to study must be a problem.

In the problem formulation section, the researcher explains in detail what the problem is, where the points that are the problem need to be examined. Where do researchers get the problem that they want to study? From anywhere, for example, readings, phenomena around, curhatan other people, and so on. But keep in mind, in writing the formulation of the problem, researchers must be objective.
The formulation of the problem is often called a research question. So, the form of the problem formulation is a question. This question can be raised in the form of points or descriptions. I once wrote about an example problem formulation here as a reference if needed.

Research objectives and benefits
The purpose of this research is to answer the problem formulation. While the benefits of research are the benefits that certain parties can get if the research you are doing is complete. Making research goals and benefits is not as difficult as what one might imagine. Readers only need to look at the formulation of the problem that has been compiled.

Literature review
Literature review is usually called the study of literature. In this framework the reader seeks, reads, and reviews readings that are relevant to the research topic. Quite often there are a lot of relevant literature. In this case, the reader must select which is more relevant, which is less relevant.

Not infrequently also, the literature sought is scarce. If this scarcity is found after an extensive and exhausting search, the reader can write in the proposal that the study of the topics covered is still small, evidenced by the lack of literature.

Hypothesis
Hypotheses are needed if your research uses a quantitative approach. The hypothesis is formulated from the relationship between two or more variables which are temporary conclusions and need to be tested.

Some researchers prefer not to use hypotheses because they can curb the freedom of researchers in the field. This choice is plural taken by qualitative researchers who like to leave the “suitcase” theory before going to the field.

Population and sample
This section can also be called the subject of research or participants. Researchers need to explain who are the participants in this study and how to get it. In social research, a discussion of ethics may be written in this section.
The subject of social research is humans. Therefore, ethical aspects are important to discuss. Except for some studies that use a discourse analysis approach or post analysis which does not involve contact with humans as research subjects.

Research variable
As with the previous section, more familiar research variables are used for quantitative research that requires hypotheses. Qualitative research usually uses the term concept boundary or conceptual framework. The definitions between concepts and variables are indeed different. Variables are more detailed and can be measured rather than concepts. However, qualitative research is usually applied to explore phenomena that are not easily measured.

Method of collecting data
Data collection methods applied must be able to answer the problem formulation. So, the task of researchers here is to select and sort out which methods of data collection are relevant. The relevance of data collection methods is very dependent on the formulation of the problem. Click here to read a full review of data collection methods.

Data analysis method
Data analysis methods can be done manually or with the help of a computer. How to do this also varies depending on what research method is used. Quantitative research often applies different analytical methods than qualitative research. The difference in data analysis can be seen from the different software used if the analysis is done with the help of a computer. For more details, see data analysis techniques here.

Write a report
The final framework of the research design is report writing. Writing research reports adjusted to what research is done. If the thesis research, then the writing of the report must be in accordance with the thesis, not the thesis or other.
The format of the research report is in principle in accordance with the framework that is the design of the study. So, when the reader is making a research design, actually the reader is also compiling a research report framework.

International Journal Publication Process

International Journal Publication Process
A. Paper and Journal
Paper and journals are not the same thing. Paper, also called article or manuscript, is writing in scientific format about the results of research, analysis and mature thinking. While the journal is a collection of papers that are published regularly. Paper is made by one or many writers, while a journal is made by a publisher.
For example, the Journal of Orthopedic Translation, where I became the editorial board member, contained papers with the theme of orthopedics and clinical translation. One of our latest papers is entitled “The hydrogen gas evolution on implants of magnesium on the post-implantation mortality on rats”
The term journal is still often mixed with paper, it means paper but calls it a journal: “It’s hard to make a journal, especially international!” (This means paper). Or: “Training on writing an international journal” (this is precisely writing a paper for an international journal). In fact, in the Big Indonesian Dictionary, journals have been defined as special magazines that contain articles in one particular field of science.

B. Publication and Process
Why publication? My opinion, because the results of research are science and good that must be disseminated. International journal publication is also a way for academics and researchers to contribute to the name of the nation and state. Although not as popular as singing or car racing, in scientific publications the names of authors, institutions and countries will continue to exist recorded in human civilization.
So, how is the process of a paper accepted by a journal and then published? Let’s look at the 4 main players in the world of research and publications: (1) Author, (2) Editor (referee or policymaker for a journal: managing editor, editor-in-chief, associate editor), (3) Reviewer (assessor of the contents of the paper, generally an expert who was once an author, so-called peer), (4) Publisher or publisher, business entity (profit or non-profit) that manages journals, such as Nature Publishing Group, Springer, Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut, etc.
The submission and review process is generally carried out online.
The author writes the results of research in the form of a paper, both the results of experiments / simulations / field studies (research papers) or literature studies (review papers). After the paper is ripe, the author submits the paper to the journal he chooses. Generally the incoming paper, or in this stage is often called a manuscript, will be assessed early by the editor (Phase-1) and entered into peer review (Phase-2), where the editor chooses, invites and requests ratings from several independent reviewers.
Then, the reviewer gives the results of the assessment to the editor and the editor makes a decision: accept it directly without revision or return the paper to the author by requesting a revision, whether minor or major.
Then the author revised and resubmitted the paper and Phase-2 was repeated again. This can happen as many times as I have experienced with four revisions before being accepted by the MSEC journal. The final decision of this process is accepted or rejected.
Rejection can occur since in Phase-1, usually because the contents of the paper do not fit into the scope of the journal, or in Phase-2 either without the chance of revision or after revision. The review process is a way to keep only good papers that are suitable for publication and later read by the general public. The better a journal the more rigorous the review process. This can be seen from the large number of reviewers for one paper and the depth of the review.

C. Appreciation to Reviewer
This review process usually takes a long time, especially in Phase-2. Although the editorials try to accelerate for example by asking reviewers to rate reasonably quickly, within 14-21 days for Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut journals, it is worth remembering that reviewers are unpaid volunteers. Even for a cup of coffee. Good intentions and dedication to science are what drive them, besides there are benefits to career advancement and others as well.
To give a good assessment requires sufficient time to concentrate, at least three full hours, and of course for most reviewers looking for these three hours is not easy in the midst of busyness. Not infrequently they also use his personal time such as in the middle of the night or weekends, and sometimes take time allotment for his family.
“We thank them, who work unconditionally anonymously, and we remind publishers not to exploit their sincerity for business purposes only.

D. Paper and Journal Quality
A good journal can be indicated from: high impact factor (IF) and ranking (Quartile, Q1-Q4), or database indexation (Scopus, Zambrut, Web of Science, etc.). Then you can also see who the Editor-in-Chief is, the editorial board member, the previous authors, and then the publisher. Publishers like Nature, Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut, Springer, Wiley, etc., manage journals professionally to serve two interests: science and business.
In my observation, journals affiliated with professional associations, although sometimes the IF is lower than other journals of the same type, the review process is usually more stringent. Perhaps because consideration of the scientific aspects is stronger than the business aspect. For example eCM Journal, one of the top journals in the field of orthopedic research, Link-3, where our paper experienced two major revisions with comments from 4-5 reviewers but ultimately rejected. Paper received in a good journal and undergoing a rigorous review process directly will have good quality. A good paper will get a lot of citation which in turn increases the citation metrix (h-index) of its author. H-index is a comparison of the number of citations to the number of papers cited, for example h-index = 100 meaning there are 100 papers cited at least 100 times.

E. A little about the h-index
There are many pros and cons about this h-index, for example “nebengers / tumpangers” can also be high in h-index. This case is not discussed in this paper. What is clear, if already published 100 papers but h-index = 5, indicates there is something lacking with the quality of the papers.
There are currently three databases known to provide citation metrics: (1) Web of Science, which is more selective than (2) Scopus, Zambrut, more selective than (3) Google Scholar. For example, I myself, for the data on 01/31/2016: publication / citation / h-index: Google Scholar 65/973/14; Scopus, Zambrut 40/633/11; Web of Science 32/514/10.
My H-index above can shrink again if the data is filtered. For example, self-citation is eliminated, or the paper is selected only for me as the main author (1st author and corresponding author), or the time span of publication is limited to only the last five years.
In today’s online era, anyone can check their author and publication, for example through Scopus, Zambrut author look-up, Link-5, or at least through Google Scholar. This can help clarify the bias of looking at someone’s expertise because: occurrences appear in the mass media, social media celebrities, blog artisans, bogus on CVs (self-proclaimed), promotion hyperbole from universities, “people say” and other “urban legends”.

F. A little about Impact Factor
Returning to IF, this value is the ratio of the number of citation to the number of citeable papers published by a journal for a certain time, for example every two-year period. At present the most viewed is IF issued by JCR Web of Science.
Keep in mind, IF is a quality measurement approach for journals, not for papers especially for authors. International journal published in high IF journals have the opportunity to be read more and then cited by people. But it still depends on the quality of the paper or also the popularity of fields and trends in world research topics.
For example, our paper published in 2013 on Acta Biomaterialia (IF = 6,025, Q1) has been cited only 5 times, while another 2014 paper in Materials Science and Engineering C (IF = 3.088, Q3) has been cited 10 time.
“If likened to a journal = university, paper = a person who gets a doctor there, citation = research productivity after a doctorate. In the end, wherever he gets his doctorate, what is even more proud is his achievement after holding a doctorate. ”
So it feels strange if the author measures the quality of his research and publication experience with cumulative IF counts, like a spoiled child in style with his father’s property. However, like the h-index, IF is also exposed to many pros and cons. This case is not discussed in this paper.

G. Open Access Journals
Returning to the purpose of science that must be disseminated, it turns out that most papers and journals can only be accessed by buying units or subscribing to publishers or database providers: Scopus, Zambrut, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, etc. This is certainly an obstacle for authors from institutions who do not subscribe and limit the spread of knowledge itself.

This exclusive situation encourages the emergence of the Open Access movement where publishers open access to download their papers to anyone, after the cost of the production process (article processing charge) is paid by the author or his institution or sponsor. Examples of open access publishers include: BioMed Central, PLOS, SAGE, etc. indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), including many journals from the Nature Publishing Group. Even now many traditional publishers such as Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut provide open access options (per paper) in their journals.
The Journal of Orthopedic Translation is an example of an open access journal published by Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut. All papers are free to download, because they are sponsored by the Chinese Speaking Orthopedic Society.
“In my view, this open access option per paper provides an opportunity for the author to donate with his personal money and facilitate the dissemination of knowledge written in his paper”.

H. Journal
However, publications are seen by certain parties as a business area, especially after many stakeholders have established international publications as a condition for promotion. This is what Dr. Jeffrey Beall is called Predatory Journals / Publishers or by Dr. Bambang Sumintono is called the “Journal of Abal” and he reminded the authors to be careful of their tricks. To check the indications, check their names.

Although from the dark side, the presence of these predators is actually used by some authors as a shortcut for publication of inferior quality papers but can still be recognized for promotion. “You pay we publish, and you get promoted!”
And it turns out, when policy makers see this weakness and raise the quality standards of publications by borrowing the Scopus index as a reference, some provide resistance, for example in Figure 4 below.

I. Domestic International Journal
And don’t forget, many domestic journals that have international caliber and indexed, such as Dr. care journal. Tole Sutikno, Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science indexed in Scopus, Zambrut, EBSCO, DOAJ, etc.

J. Closing
“My motivation, a publication will continue to exist beyond our age and be read by later generations, including perhaps our children and grandchildren. We inherit them with knowledge through quality publications. Our careers were helped, the name of the nation was raised! “(Of course the publication is not in an ordinary journal).
Finally, I want to remind you that when our paper is received and ready to be published by a non-open access publisher, they will ask our legal consent to agree to submit their copyright (copyright transfer agreement). This means we are legally not entitled to distribute our published version of the paper without their permission, such as displaying the downloadable pdf file on our website or on ResearchGate. However, generally in the agreement, the author is still allowed to share to those who request the paper for educational purposes.

13 Keys to Successful Submission of Manuscripts to International Journals
Frankly, the title of this article is too brave. When this article was written, I myself have never had the experience to submit a manuscript to an international journal. However, this is an attempt to remember the author himself that the way is always there. The difference between those who succeed or not is the effort, hard work, and prayer that has been done. This paper does not intend to patronize anyone at all. This is just a summary of the training that the author has participated in and of course is a new challenge to implement immediately.
Submitting manuscripts to international journals is actually no different from submitting national journals, some of the things that make the difference are: articles in international journals contain issues that can be raised globally, there is renewal, good quality and presentation, and of course speaking good English and correct . The steps and stages are the same when you submit a manuscript to a national journal
Here are 6 keys that can be done so that the manuscript that we submit can be accepted in international journals:
A. Understand the point of each section in the article
In general, journal articles consist of Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Result and Discussion, Conclusion. Give some points that you will do in each section. For example the abstract must contain at least the problem (2 lines), objectives (2 lines), the method used (2-3 lines), main findings or results (6-7 lines), and the impact of the research or writing (3 line). Abstrack uses past or past perfect tense and passive voice. There are no citations and tables.

B. Introduction
Introduction or introduction contains an international view, not just a local or national view (avoid titles that are in the name of the district or province), contain the latest issues and try to flow the text normally, there are no irregularities or a sudden jump so the reader feels something is lacking in writing to connect between paragraphs. Create a narration that flows and can be easily followed by the reader. For literature use past tense, for general explanation use simple tense

C. Methods
Write with present past tense. Use new methods to overcome problems in research, not necessarily new you can also use a revised method. Some questions that help you to describe these methods are what will you do? With what tools did you do it? What instruments do you need? What object will you treat? What problems might arise during the study. Methodology uses past tense and active voice.

D. Result and Discussion
Use subsections so that your discussion can be systematic and trace well. Systematic writing also avoids your over-discussion. Use short, clear sentences in each of these sections. Provide a relevant explanation of the table or picture that you provide in this section of the discussion. Do not be too long, meaning that you explain the numbers for each number in the table, or not too short that impresses the reader is asked to analyze for himself. But explain what the picture or table means, then for detailed details let the reader understand himself in the picture or table. Result uses past tense

E. Conclusion
Conclusions about the main results, new information, and the impact or benefits of research. Conclusions usually answer from the goal. One objective listed in the introduction can produce several conclusions.

F. Acknowledgment
Contains a thank you to those who helped the research process, it could be the party or agency that provided the funds, or the technicians and other parties.

G. References
You should use reference tools such as mendeley to set references so that it doesn’t make it difficult for you to create articles. The instructions for using Mendeley will be made in a separate article.

H. Selection and select a journal for publication
After you have prepared point by point for each section in the article that you are going to write, the next step is to prepare and select the journal you will go to to publish your article. Journals also have their respective classes; journals are included in the high, middle, and low ranking groups. Journals that are in the high ranking group, usually have an impact factor value above 3.5, medium 2 – 3.5, and low below 2. Impact factor is the comparison between the cited manuscripts and the total manuscripts published in a certain time period, usually the last 2 years. Understand your script if it is appropriate to publish in a high ranking, medium, or low ranking journal. It doesn’t matter if you are in low rank as long as the journal is an international journal which means world class. However, be careful of predatory journals. Predatory journals do not see science as the basis of their journals, but only view commercials. Usually you will be asked for high fees with a fast publish time compared to international journals in general. If international journals are generally published within one year, predatory journals can only be published in just 3-4 months.
As for the journals that have a good reputation can be seen on the Scopus list, or one of them can be seen at https://zambrut.com. Tips for selecting journals is that first you submit a journal that has high ranking, if it is rejected, revise your manuscript and enter it into a medium ranking journal, if it is rejected again, put it in a journal that has a low ranking, if it is still rejected again then put it in the journal national. The key to these tips is that you should not give up, the data you get should not only be stored in your desk drawer. The next tip: choose a journal whose impact factor is not too high and choose a journal that is not paid

I. Study the articles that have been published
After you determine the journal to publish your manuscript, then study the manuscript that has been published in the journal. Understand some articles that fit your topic. Reading and studying articles that have been published will help you to write in style in writing in the journal, so you have an estimate of whether the manuscript you compiled is acceptable or not. Don’t forget to read the guide for writers or authors in journals because each journal has a different format and guidelines. Prepare the data needed and start submitting articles if you are sure to do it.

A. Avoid common reasons the text is rejected
Some common reasons that occur when the manuscript is rejected are: failure to adjust to the intended journal, poor quality of English language, poor design and systematic, problem statement that is not appropriate, the method is not described in detail, over interpretation, research imperfections, imperfect research, data which is expected to be limited, incomplete statistics, confusing data and tables, conclusions are not in accordance with the data, the literature is already irrelevant (he added long years), the authors do not improve the text in accordance with the advice of the reviewer.

K. Use good grammar
Most people including myself consider English to be the biggest weakness. However, inevitably we have to face these weaknesses to be stronger. You can use several tools to help you improve the quality of English. Grammar checking, In addition to checking with the digital system, you also have to learn from the experts, learn concise English guidelines, and study English-language articles. A quick guide to English can be obtained to help you use phrases in English to help you use compound words (nouns).

L. Align the Title, Objectives and Conclusions
Take the title, objectives and conclusions. All three parts must have a common thread. Make sure there are some words in all three parts as keywords or common thread. If these three sections do not have harmony, chances are your text will be rejected.

Some of these keys are material that may have been heard. But once again I say that the difference between successful people and people who fail is that successful people always learn from every failure.
Hopefully useful and thank you for visiting.

Tips on Writing a Scientific Journal

Tips on Writing a Scientific Journal
Along with the development of science, publication of research results through writing in the form of a journal becomes a necessity. The novelty of the research results is usually disseminated through journals. There are scientific journals which are national publications and some published by international parties. There are reputable or indexed national journals and international journals but some are not reputable. Journals that have been indexed generally meet the criteria in the intended journal index. Reputable international journals must have indexed international journal databases such as Zambrut, Scopus, Web of Science, Thomson-Reuters, Microsoft Academic Research and others.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
International journals usually use English, although there are also journals that use non-English international languages ​​such as Mandarin, Arabic or Russian. However, civitas academica in Indonesia more often use English in writing international journals.
Writing in international scientific journals sometimes becomes a mandatory requirement for graduate students in several universities in Indonesia and sometimes becomes a burden for students. Difficulties in breaking into international journals often hamper student graduation.
The complicated stages of writing, the queue of other writers from abroad as well as perfectionist reviewers become an obstacle for difficulties in entering international journals. But no need to worry about the above, here are some steps that can be tried so that translucent in writing an international journal.

HOW TO WRITE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
There are at least 14 ways that can be done, for those of you who want to write an International Journal, including the following;

INTERESTING RESEARCH THEMES
The first stage before writing a journal we need to carry out research. The theme of this research becomes an important matter, whether it is in demand by international journals or not. Look for international issues that are booming but also contain elements of novelty, but in accordance with the scientific field being pursued to be compiled as a research idea.
For example in this case, students majoring in Civil Engineering can conduct research on building environmentally friendly dwellings, so indirectly the results of their writings are useful and beneficial for each institution, company, or other research.

SELECTIVE CHOOSE JOURNAL
Start aiming at the journal we will send the work to. The destination journal must be aligned with our scientific field and with our research theme. Journals that are rejected are sometimes caused by discrepancies of the intended journal with the paper we sent. In addition, the sender will usually check on the Scimago page to simultaneously see the journal’s Impact Factor. In this step we simultaneously assess the feasibility of our journal later.

SEARCH FOR JOURNALS PUBLISHED AT LEAST THREE TIMES IN A YEAR
If you have started to determine the journal, see how many times the journal was published in one year. It is better to choose a journal that is published more than twice a year so that the opportunity to load faster is even greater.

MAKE AN IMPRESSED REVIEWER
The reviewer will read the journal in detail so as to make the reviewer interested is important. It is also recommended that the journal that we make use the references of reviewers as long as we are in agreement with our research.
Or at least there are references or at least one or two citations from the journal. For example, we send to journal A, at least one of our library sources is taken from journal A to show that we are one of the readers in Journal A.

DO NOT FORGET WRITING AND CAREFUL GUIDELINES
When writing, follow the writing guidelines in the journal. Avoid errors that are human errors such as typos, errors in grammar and parts of various journals. We cannot equate the way in which one journal is written with another because each journal has different writing procedures.

AVOID PLAGRIARISM
Never copy other people’s work in accordance with the provisions if you do not want to be called plagiarism. Plagiarism itself becomes a big sin in the academic world that makes us not appreciated and embarrassing ourselves. Copying or copying and pasting the results of our published publications is considered auto-plagiarism. This also applies to images that we attach to publications

CAREFUL WITH RESEARCH DATA
Reviewers will usually be careful with the data because this is the most important element in a study. This data becomes a reference in the preparation of discussions and conclusions. Therefore, the way we analyze data will be the attention of the reviewer.
If we use a software application to conduct data analysis, we should include in detail the application in the journal that we compile, for example we use SPSS 17 or Minitab we write in the research methodology. And try to analyze the data carefully to avoid mistakes and always check the data we have analyzed.

BE CAREFUL IN WRITING REFERENCES / REFERENCES
Each journal has a different bibliography writing format. We should start to look at the procedures for writing a bibliography in the journal that we are going to, because it can be a fatal mistake if we do not examine in detail the procedures for its preparation. It is also recommended to use a special software application to write a bibliography such as Mendeley to avoid human errors.

DO NOT IGNORE OFFERS / ACKNOWLEDGMENT
Offerings are usually placed at the end of the journal before the bibliography. But this is important to appreciate those who support our research, especially in the funding department. The inclusion of this offering is a kind of thanks to those who support the research process and journal preparation.
However, we should not need all of our parties to be included in the journal, just parties from the agencies only. For more details, friends can check in a journal that has been published

READ THE JOURNAL BEFORE SENDING
Do not be in a hurry to send out the journal that we have finished immediately. Reread the journal to minimize errors both contextually and editorially. It is also advisable to ask others to read, because later readers of our journal are other people with different levels of understanding.
Good grammar and gritty between parts of the journal such as title, background, content and conclusions are mandatory requirements for a proper journal to be published. Don’t make keywords with words that are already listed in the title

IF WE ARE ACCEPTED WITH REVISION IMMEDIATELY MAKE REVISIONS
When we submit a paper to a journal and return it, there are two possibilities. The papers were accepted, most of which were revised or rejected. When the paper is accepted with revisions, we need to pay close attention to the reviewer’s correction.
Usually the correction of this reviewer is detailed and in the form of points. We can correspond with reviewers if we are not clear enough in working on revisions to ask questions. Work on this revision immediately and don’t delay because the journal won’t want to wait for just a revision from us. However, if we do not agree with the revision of the reviewer, we can submit an objection with clear and reasonable reasons with good language as well.

DO PAYMENT ACCORDING TO ORDERS
If our journal has been received, we will get a LoA (Letter of Acceptance) which contains the receipt of our journal. In it there is usually an invoice where we are required to pay a certain nominal value in accordance with the currency in force in the country of origin of the journal or it can also be in US dollars (USD). Immediately complete the payment process so that our journal can be processed to the next step.

IF WE ARE REJECTED, STAY SPIRIT
When our papers are rejected, it certainly makes us sad. However, do not make us despair. The rejected paper is not meaningful because our writing is bad or our research theme is lacking in weight but because of a discrepancy.
We can send our rejected papers to other journals, after notification from the previous journal that our manuscript was rejected. We can use the time before submitting a paper to another journal to check the paper again and make a little improvement.

KEEP PATIENT AND PRAY
The most important key in this process is to always be patient and pray to God Almighty. In the end He is the determinant of our success, especially in the publication of this international journal. Patience needs to be done because the duration of receipt of this journal sometimes takes a lot of time.
Thus the article about how to write an international journal that can be shared. Hopefully the review of these tips can be useful and add insight to all readers, who are currently preparing their research results to go international.

JOURNAL PUBLICATION STRATEGY
For academics, be it education experts, teachers, lecturers, or students, journal publications and scientific papers are absolutely necessary to recognize the level of intellect in the eyes of educational institutions. However, it is not uncommon to find many problems related to the difficulty of published scientific journals in accredited institutions. So, it needs special strategies so that there is academic recognition from institutions that have accreditation, there needs to be tips, and special strategies so that scientific journals made can be published.
This was conveyed by the roots of education as well as Professor of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Yusuf Sudo Hadi in front of thousands of national seminar participants Publication of Thesis and Dissertation Research Results in Accredited Scientific Journals in Poncowati Ballroom, Patra Jasa Hotel Semarang, Saturday (12/07/2013 ).
Yusuf conveyed, at least there are some advantages if we are able to publish the results of our scientific papers and journals intellectually.
“Among them is full support from the relevant institutions, an improved and better academic atmosphere, and of course incentives from various sources,” said the Lecturer of IPB Particle and Fiber Board Technology Course.
However, added the man who is also an alumnus of Nagoya University, various obstacles in the publication of journals still arise, and it might prevent a researcher from publishing his scientific journal.
“The obstacle is that the average academic fact is still not familiar with English. Another thing that hinders is the fact that the habit of writing in Indonesia has not become a culture,” he explained.
For this reason, Yusuf explained that there is a need for a new breakthrough to get used to that the publication of scientific journals starts from the hobby of writing these academics. Yusuf also said that there are various strategic things that researchers can do so that their scientific work can be published in an accredited institution.
“The main purpose of publishing a journal is to record the development of science, certification / registration of findings, disseminate scientific findings, and archive all intellectual products. Then how will we achieve our goals if writing is not a culture,” Yusuf explained.
In the seminar which was attended by 1078 participants, 58 speakers from various topics were also discussed regarding key strategies so that scientific papers and journals could be published in accreditation institutions. The strategy, according to Sutikno, Lecturer in the Department of Physics, FMIPA Unnes is to pay attention to the quality of the scientific papers or journals.
“One of the technical things is to recognize journals with a high impact factor, namely by conducting a survey of the type of article and article delivery conditions, checking directories at the University, asking colleagues who are experts, and searching for quotations where famous authors publish them,” he explained .
As is known, as a form of academic commitment, the Unnes postgraduate program held a seminar agenda, of course with the aim that academics are encouraged to make publications in accordance with established rules.
“The purpose of this seminar is for participants to obtain information so that research is published to accredited research institutes, as well as useful for accelerating participants to publish accredited scientific results,” said Wardono, Chair of the National Seminar Committee. (Dwi Purnawan).