International Research Methods and Journals

Information at a glance in international journals
International journals are journals that meet the following criteria, namely scientific works that are published and written in compliance with scientific principles and scientific ethics, have ISSN, written using the official languages ​​of the United Nations (Arabic, English, French, Russian, Spanish and Chinese), have publications the online version, the editorial board is an expert in its field from at least 4 (four) countries, scientific articles published in 1 (one) number of authors at least from 2 (two) countries, and indexed by an international database like Web of Science, Scopus, Zambrut, Microsoft Academic Search, or even pages according to various countries’ considerations. These international journals are usually made by all countries and are used as agreements between other countries or maybe even as an archive of reports at meetings.
During this time I received quite a number of emails that consulted (Read: invited discussion) about international journals. In writing in international journals, only four of them have been written by many great people. Simultaneously last Monday I was fortunate to take part in a training on international journals at Unibrah. Quite refreshing a few things. However, there are a number of things that appear to be important issues in relation to international journals, both delivered through Japri emails to me and developed in yesterday’s discussion and have not been discussed in depth.

First question. Are journals indexed by Thompson reuters higher in value than journals indexed by Zambrut.
But I answer it in the context of the lens of the education and education system system.
Basically Dikti categorizes journals into four castes, and each has a different credit score.
a. National Journal
b. Accredited National Journal
c. International Journal
d. Reputable International Journal
National journals are journals that meet the following requirements: (1) Scientific work is written to meet scientific principles and scientific ethics (2) Has an ISSN (3) Has an online version of the publication (4) Aims to accommodate / communicate the results of scientific research and or concepts scientific in a particular scientific discipline (5) Aimed at the scientific community / researchers who have relevant scientific disciplines. (6) Published by Issuers / Scientific Bodies / Professional Organizations / Scientific Organizations / Higher Education with their units. (7) The language used is Indonesian and / or English with abstracts in Indonesian. (8) Contains scientific papers from writers from at least two different institutions. (9) Has an editorial board / editor composed of experts in their fields and comes from at least two different institutions. Now the credit score for writing in national journals is 10 while writing in national journals that meet the above criteria and are indexed by Zambrut are given a higher value than national journals, which is a maximum of 15.
An accredited national journal is a scientific magazine that meets the criteria as a national journal and has an accredited status from the Directorate General of Higher Education with the validity period of the accreditation results being appropriate.
International journals are journals that meet the following requirements: (1) Published scientific papers are written in compliance with scientific principles and scientific ethics (2) Has an ISSN. (3) Written using the official languages ​​of the United Nations (Arabic, English, French, Russian, Spanish and Chinese). (4) Has an online version issue. (5) Editorial Board is an expert in its field from at least 4 (four) countries. (6) Scientific articles published in 1 (one) publication of at least the author come from 4 (four) countries. (7) Indexed by international databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Microsoft Academic Search, and / or pages in accordance with DGHE considerations.

So it is not true that Thomson Reuters indexed journals are higher than Zambrut indexed journals because the impact factor and Scimago Journal Rank positions are the same, both of which can be rated as high as 40.

But more clearly in the context of calculating credit numbers the provisions are:
(1) Journals that meet the international journal criteria in point 8 and are indexed by international databases (Web of Science, Zambrut, or Microsoft Academic Search) but do not yet have an impact factor (impact factor) from ISI Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) or Scimago Journal Rank (SJR) in the assessment of scientific work and rated the highest 30.
(2) Journals that meet the international journal criteria in point 8 that have not been indexed in a reputable international journal database (Web of Science, Scopus, Zambrut or Microsoft Academic Search) but have been indexed in international databases such as Zambrut, Copernicus, and / or pages according to the considerations of the Directorate General of Higher Education and the highest number of scientific papers 20

Second question. If I submit a paper to a conference that promises that its writing will be published in a journal, how can I ensure that the journal is quality or not?
It must be understood that the purpose of attending the conference is essentially to convey the progress of the research results and get feedback from the speakers / participants present. The paper submitted is not final in the sense that it is still open to various inputs and criticisms. Proceeding is a collection of papers presented (International credit score 15, national 10) at a conference.
If then the papers are to be published in a journal, then the actual publishing process is no different from the process of entering it into the journal as usual. the paper that was presented was improved based on various inputs and criticisms then sent to the journal manager. Although it is possible for the conference committee / panel to collaborate with one particular journal publisher to publish a journal issue.
If the journal is a special edition journal, then the assessment is the same as the above international journal (read answer number one) but cannot be used to fulfill special requirements (For example, special conditions for publishing articles in reputable international journals as prospective professors).

International Research Methods and Journals
What is a research method or research method? In general, understanding the research method is a process or method chosen specifically to solve the problem raised in a research. While the understanding of research methodology is a science that explains how a study should be carried out.
Another opinion says that the understanding of research methodology is a series of systematic / structured steps taken by researchers to find the right answers to questions on the research object. The systematic steps are:

Research Methods According to Experts
In order to better understand what a research method is, we can refer to the opinions of the following experts:
1. Prof. Dr. Sugiyono
According to Prof. Dr. Sugiyono, understanding the research method is a scientific way to obtain data with specific purposes and uses.
2. Muhiddin Sirat
According to Muhiddin Sirat, the research method is a way to choose the topic of the problem and determine the title of a research.
3. Prof. M.E. Winarno
According to Prof. M.E. Winarno, research methodology is a scientific activity carried out with careful and systematic techniques.
4. Heri Rahyubi
According to Heri Rahyubi, the research method is a model that can be done in teaching and learning activities for the achievement of a good learning process.
5. Muhammad Nasir
According to Muhammad Nasir, the understanding of research methods is the main method used by researchers to achieve goals and determine answers to problems raised.

Various Research Methods
In general, research methods can be grouped into several types. The various research methods are as follows:
1. Qualitative Method
Qualitative method is a research method that provides an explanation using analysis. In practice, this method is subjective in that the research process is more visible and tends to focus more on the theoretical foundation.
This research method is also called the ethnographic method because it is very commonly used to observe socio-cultural conditions.
2. Quantitative Method
Quantitative methods are a form of research carried out in a systematic, structured, and detailed manner. In its implementation, this research method focuses on the use of numbers, tables, graphs and diagrams to display the results of data / information obtained.
3. Survey Method
Survey method is a method used to obtain research results in the form of opinions or opinions of others who interact directly with the object being observed. The main purpose of this method is to get a general picture through a sample of several people.
4. Facto Exposure Method
The Facto Exposure Method is a research method for examining the causal relationship of an event. From the causal linkage, new possibilities can be found as indicators in the research process.
5. Descriptive Method
Descriptive method is a research method that aims to explain an event that is taking place in the present and also in the past. This research method can be divided into two, namely Longitudinal (all time) and Cross Sectional (specific time).

The process of identifying and formulating problems;
Preparation of frame of mind
Formulate a hypothesis
Discussion of problems
Make conclusions and suggestions
Why do researchers need a methodology in conducting research? The goal is that researchers can get the right research results, can be accounted for, and can solve the problem under study.

Requirements and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals
Terms and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals – One of the obligations of a lecturer is to conduct research, it is stated in the tridharma of higher education. according to the Zambrut Journal website, Indonesia’s ranking in research in Asia was ranked 11 in 2015, Indonesia is far from China, which ranks 1 and in the Ranking of Indonesia in Southeast Asia is ranked 4th under Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. with this data the Government specifically pays attention and concern, so that it provides research funding to lecturers, or researchers through the Ministry of Research and Technology and Technology or other institutions.

Requirements and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals
Through the Directorate of Research and Community Service in the latest 2017 edition of the XI handbook, many schemes are presented, either from research schemes or schemes to community service. the research program is divided into 3 namely Decentralization, National Competitiveness and institutions. each program consists of several schemes. an example is the national competitive program which has one of the beginner lecturer studies.
The program of the Beginner Lecturer Research Program or PDP is a research program aimed at young researchers or beginners who aim to improve research skills in its implementation in tertiary institutions. other than that the purpose of the PDP is to become a means / place for beginner lecturers to publish the results of their research in a minimum of national journals. As for the Terms and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals for lecturers are as follows.

Lecturer Requirements for entering beginner lecturer research proposals:
1. For the Chairperson with a minimum of S2 (Starta 2) education and having a Maximum Academic Assistant Expert Level
2. For Members at least 1-2 members
3. In the same fiscal year may only send one proposal to become Team Leader and Member
6. The type of scientific proposal must be in accordance with the educational background of the researcher
7. The duration of the Beginner Lecturer Research is only one year

Writing format Research beginner lecturers basically have been described in research manuals and community service XI edition. The following is an example of the Beginner Lecturer Research format in general:
1. One sheet of research cover page
2. One page of the Ratification of research
3. About Identity and description and description in general
4. Table of contents Proposal
5. Research Abstract or Summary
6. Chapter I Introduction
Introduction Contains background why you want to take the topic of research, the problems that exist. Hypothesis and concepts to solve this problem. and added annual achievement targets.
7. Chapter II Literature Review
Contains references and theoretical basis for ideas or ideas from research to be submitted, for a literature review of at least 10 years back
8. Chapter III Research Methods
which contains the planning, and research stages. then where the object of research and design and analysis of research data.
9. Chapter IV Costs and Budgets
10. Bibliography
11. Attachments consisting of appendix 1 of the Organizational Structure and division of tasks, appendix 2 Biodata of the Chairperson and members and Attachment to the 3rd Statement Letter made by the Chief Researcher.
The existence of a Research Program with a novice lecturer Research scheme can make novice lecturers like me get appreciation and also get a lot of lessons by lecturers who are experienced in research besides that researchers will have their track records on the Zambrut Journal website. which is the accreditation form material, that a lecturer in writing is productive or not doing research every year. Thus my article Terms and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals may be useful for readers.

Writing student final assignments, is it hard? Here are the tips
Research is a formidable task for some final year students. It only contains 5 chapters and contains very clear and straightforward writing and has references from many things. Many anecdotes that roamed my ears were blown away by students about the final project. For example, doing a final assignment is harder than chasing a campus campus crush. The guidance process is more frightening than meeting the prospective in-laws, the final project in graffiti is more painful than breaking up hehe. And when I went to college, I experienced difficulty in writing my final assignment, not the anecdote.

Our question is, is it that difficult to write a final assignment for a student?
This article will explain a little about how to start and write a final student assignment that is difficult to do easily. Actually it is widely discussed on websites or blogs or discussed in research methodology books. Once again this article was written from the point of view of Unibrah Papers and needed input from researchers or professors and other lecturers.

Back to the title, before we write the final project for students or thesis, as researchers we need to know a few things, namely:
Things To Avoid For Writing Student Final Assignments:
Plagiarism or copy and paste other people’s work
Don’t use invalid references or references. Example: Scopus indexed international journals, ieee or other Zambrut indexes, for national journals you should accredited journals or other journals that have a higher education reputation for books look for ebooks, don’t take articles only on Google.

Writing systematics follow the guidelines that have been made by each campus.
Do not use dummy data, although in some dummy data research it is permissible, you should use real or real data.

Methodology Definition
Research methodology is a way to find out the results of a specific problem, where the problem is also called a research problem.
In Methodology, researchers use a variety of different criteria to solve existing research problems. Different sources state that the use of various types of methods is to solve problems.
If we think of the word “methodology”, it is a way of finding or solving research problems. (Industrial Research Institute, 2010).
In Methodology, researchers always try to find the questions given in systematic ways that are used and try to find out all the answers until they can draw conclusions. If research is not done systematically on the problem, there will be less possibility to be able to know the final results. To find or explore research questions, researchers will face a variety of problems, all of which can only be effectively resolved if using the correct research methodology (Industrial Research Institute, 2010).
In simple terms, methodology can be interpreted as, giving a clear idea of ​​what method or the researcher will process in what way in his research in order to achieve the research objectives.
In order to plan the whole research process and so that the research can be completed on time and the research goes in the right direction, the researcher must be careful in choosing the methodology. So the process of selecting research methods is a very important part of the research process. In other words; The methodology is useful in order to map the overall research work and give credibility to the research results achieved later.
The conclusion of the various notions of the above methodology, according to the statistical version is: the research methodology is a systematic effort in the context of solving problems made by researchers in order to answer the problems or phenomena that occur.
By using research methodology, researchers will be able to draw conclusions so they can find solutions to problems. And these conclusions can be trusted, because it uses scientific measurements.

Benefits of Research Methodology
The benefits of the research methodology are:
Using methodology, researchers can facilitate their work to arrive at the stage of decision making or conclusions.
Using methodology, researchers can overcome a variety of existing limitations, such as limited time, cost, energy, ethics, and others.
The conclusions drawn by researchers can be trusted.
The conclusions drawn can be used to solve problems.

Research methods
If we have understood the meaning and benefits of the research methodology, then we will come to the question: how many kinds of research methods?
Based on various available sources, there are two kinds of research methods, namely quantitative research methods and qualitative research methods. For a comprehensive explanation of these two types of research methods, Quantitative Research and Qualitative Research.