Tips on Writing a Scientific Journal

Tips on Writing a Scientific Journal
Along with the development of science, publication of research results through writing in the form of a journal becomes a necessity. The novelty of the research results is usually disseminated through journals. There are scientific journals which are national publications and some published by international parties. There are reputable or indexed national journals and international journals but some are not reputable. Journals that have been indexed generally meet the criteria in the intended journal index. Reputable international journals must have indexed international journal databases such as Zambrut, Scopus, Web of Science, Thomson-Reuters, Microsoft Academic Research and others.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
International journals usually use English, although there are also journals that use non-English international languages ​​such as Mandarin, Arabic or Russian. However, civitas academica in Indonesia more often use English in writing international journals.
Writing in international scientific journals sometimes becomes a mandatory requirement for graduate students in several universities in Indonesia and sometimes becomes a burden for students. Difficulties in breaking into international journals often hamper student graduation.
The complicated stages of writing, the queue of other writers from abroad as well as perfectionist reviewers become an obstacle for difficulties in entering international journals. But no need to worry about the above, here are some steps that can be tried so that translucent in writing an international journal.

HOW TO WRITE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
There are at least 14 ways that can be done, for those of you who want to write an International Journal, including the following;

INTERESTING RESEARCH THEMES
The first stage before writing a journal we need to carry out research. The theme of this research becomes an important matter, whether it is in demand by international journals or not. Look for international issues that are booming but also contain elements of novelty, but in accordance with the scientific field being pursued to be compiled as a research idea.
For example in this case, students majoring in Civil Engineering can conduct research on building environmentally friendly dwellings, so indirectly the results of their writings are useful and beneficial for each institution, company, or other research.

SELECTIVE CHOOSE JOURNAL
Start aiming at the journal we will send the work to. The destination journal must be aligned with our scientific field and with our research theme. Journals that are rejected are sometimes caused by discrepancies of the intended journal with the paper we sent. In addition, the sender will usually check on the Scimago page to simultaneously see the journal’s Impact Factor. In this step we simultaneously assess the feasibility of our journal later.

SEARCH FOR JOURNALS PUBLISHED AT LEAST THREE TIMES IN A YEAR
If you have started to determine the journal, see how many times the journal was published in one year. It is better to choose a journal that is published more than twice a year so that the opportunity to load faster is even greater.

MAKE AN IMPRESSED REVIEWER
The reviewer will read the journal in detail so as to make the reviewer interested is important. It is also recommended that the journal that we make use the references of reviewers as long as we are in agreement with our research.
Or at least there are references or at least one or two citations from the journal. For example, we send to journal A, at least one of our library sources is taken from journal A to show that we are one of the readers in Journal A.

DO NOT FORGET WRITING AND CAREFUL GUIDELINES
When writing, follow the writing guidelines in the journal. Avoid errors that are human errors such as typos, errors in grammar and parts of various journals. We cannot equate the way in which one journal is written with another because each journal has different writing procedures.

AVOID PLAGRIARISM
Never copy other people’s work in accordance with the provisions if you do not want to be called plagiarism. Plagiarism itself becomes a big sin in the academic world that makes us not appreciated and embarrassing ourselves. Copying or copying and pasting the results of our published publications is considered auto-plagiarism. This also applies to images that we attach to publications

CAREFUL WITH RESEARCH DATA
Reviewers will usually be careful with the data because this is the most important element in a study. This data becomes a reference in the preparation of discussions and conclusions. Therefore, the way we analyze data will be the attention of the reviewer.
If we use a software application to conduct data analysis, we should include in detail the application in the journal that we compile, for example we use SPSS 17 or Minitab we write in the research methodology. And try to analyze the data carefully to avoid mistakes and always check the data we have analyzed.

BE CAREFUL IN WRITING REFERENCES / REFERENCES
Each journal has a different bibliography writing format. We should start to look at the procedures for writing a bibliography in the journal that we are going to, because it can be a fatal mistake if we do not examine in detail the procedures for its preparation. It is also recommended to use a special software application to write a bibliography such as Mendeley to avoid human errors.

DO NOT IGNORE OFFERS / ACKNOWLEDGMENT
Offerings are usually placed at the end of the journal before the bibliography. But this is important to appreciate those who support our research, especially in the funding department. The inclusion of this offering is a kind of thanks to those who support the research process and journal preparation.
However, we should not need all of our parties to be included in the journal, just parties from the agencies only. For more details, friends can check in a journal that has been published

READ THE JOURNAL BEFORE SENDING
Do not be in a hurry to send out the journal that we have finished immediately. Reread the journal to minimize errors both contextually and editorially. It is also advisable to ask others to read, because later readers of our journal are other people with different levels of understanding.
Good grammar and gritty between parts of the journal such as title, background, content and conclusions are mandatory requirements for a proper journal to be published. Don’t make keywords with words that are already listed in the title

IF WE ARE ACCEPTED WITH REVISION IMMEDIATELY MAKE REVISIONS
When we submit a paper to a journal and return it, there are two possibilities. The papers were accepted, most of which were revised or rejected. When the paper is accepted with revisions, we need to pay close attention to the reviewer’s correction.
Usually the correction of this reviewer is detailed and in the form of points. We can correspond with reviewers if we are not clear enough in working on revisions to ask questions. Work on this revision immediately and don’t delay because the journal won’t want to wait for just a revision from us. However, if we do not agree with the revision of the reviewer, we can submit an objection with clear and reasonable reasons with good language as well.

DO PAYMENT ACCORDING TO ORDERS
If our journal has been received, we will get a LoA (Letter of Acceptance) which contains the receipt of our journal. In it there is usually an invoice where we are required to pay a certain nominal value in accordance with the currency in force in the country of origin of the journal or it can also be in US dollars (USD). Immediately complete the payment process so that our journal can be processed to the next step.

IF WE ARE REJECTED, STAY SPIRIT
When our papers are rejected, it certainly makes us sad. However, do not make us despair. The rejected paper is not meaningful because our writing is bad or our research theme is lacking in weight but because of a discrepancy.
We can send our rejected papers to other journals, after notification from the previous journal that our manuscript was rejected. We can use the time before submitting a paper to another journal to check the paper again and make a little improvement.

KEEP PATIENT AND PRAY
The most important key in this process is to always be patient and pray to God Almighty. In the end He is the determinant of our success, especially in the publication of this international journal. Patience needs to be done because the duration of receipt of this journal sometimes takes a lot of time.
Thus the article about how to write an international journal that can be shared. Hopefully the review of these tips can be useful and add insight to all readers, who are currently preparing their research results to go international.

JOURNAL PUBLICATION STRATEGY
For academics, be it education experts, teachers, lecturers, or students, journal publications and scientific papers are absolutely necessary to recognize the level of intellect in the eyes of educational institutions. However, it is not uncommon to find many problems related to the difficulty of published scientific journals in accredited institutions. So, it needs special strategies so that there is academic recognition from institutions that have accreditation, there needs to be tips, and special strategies so that scientific journals made can be published.
This was conveyed by the roots of education as well as Professor of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Yusuf Sudo Hadi in front of thousands of national seminar participants Publication of Thesis and Dissertation Research Results in Accredited Scientific Journals in Poncowati Ballroom, Patra Jasa Hotel Semarang, Saturday (12/07/2013 ).
Yusuf conveyed, at least there are some advantages if we are able to publish the results of our scientific papers and journals intellectually.
“Among them is full support from the relevant institutions, an improved and better academic atmosphere, and of course incentives from various sources,” said the Lecturer of IPB Particle and Fiber Board Technology Course.
However, added the man who is also an alumnus of Nagoya University, various obstacles in the publication of journals still arise, and it might prevent a researcher from publishing his scientific journal.
“The obstacle is that the average academic fact is still not familiar with English. Another thing that hinders is the fact that the habit of writing in Indonesia has not become a culture,” he explained.
For this reason, Yusuf explained that there is a need for a new breakthrough to get used to that the publication of scientific journals starts from the hobby of writing these academics. Yusuf also said that there are various strategic things that researchers can do so that their scientific work can be published in an accredited institution.
“The main purpose of publishing a journal is to record the development of science, certification / registration of findings, disseminate scientific findings, and archive all intellectual products. Then how will we achieve our goals if writing is not a culture,” Yusuf explained.
In the seminar which was attended by 1078 participants, 58 speakers from various topics were also discussed regarding key strategies so that scientific papers and journals could be published in accreditation institutions. The strategy, according to Sutikno, Lecturer in the Department of Physics, FMIPA Unnes is to pay attention to the quality of the scientific papers or journals.
“One of the technical things is to recognize journals with a high impact factor, namely by conducting a survey of the type of article and article delivery conditions, checking directories at the University, asking colleagues who are experts, and searching for quotations where famous authors publish them,” he explained .
As is known, as a form of academic commitment, the Unnes postgraduate program held a seminar agenda, of course with the aim that academics are encouraged to make publications in accordance with established rules.
“The purpose of this seminar is for participants to obtain information so that research is published to accredited research institutes, as well as useful for accelerating participants to publish accredited scientific results,” said Wardono, Chair of the National Seminar Committee. (Dwi Purnawan).