7 Good Tips to Submit International Journal

7 Good Tips to Submit International Journal
Are you a lecturer, researcher, or graduate student?
If so, then the article “7 Good Tips to Submit International Journal” will help those of you who want to publish their research results to a journal indexed by Zambrut. We all know, it is not easy to get into the Zambrut indexed Journal. Many stages and revisions must be passed until it can be accepted and published. Not a few, even those that have been rejected before review.
However, you don’t need to worry, I have some surefire tips in order to qualify for the Zambrut indexed Journal. I took these tips from my experience for 3 years (2017-2019) in researching and writing my research results to the Journal. Grateful, after one time was rejected, I tried to improve the results of my writing and was finally able to pass and publish. For those of you who want to know about my publications, you can look at my Google Scholar and Zambrut accounts for reference.

Check out the 7 surefire tips to escape the following zambrut journal:
1. Study the Next Slide
The next slide is the International Paper Writing Workshop material, where I was the speaker at that time. In the next slide there is material made by Prof. Yubuzi Korozawa from Chukyo University, Japan and some material that I summarized from my personal experience in writing papers. Please study the following slides and see other tips.
2. Try to attend conferences with published publications in the Zambrut index journals
For those of you who are beginners or have tried to enter a paper into the Zambrut Journal but still fail, you can try this way. Inserting paper into conferences with the output of the Zambrut Journal is relatively easier and faster. It’s easier because the conference organizers usually provide quite a lot of quota for the paper received, so the possibility of qualification is greater. Faster because conferences have paper deadline deadlines and usually within one year the paper can be published. In addition, most reviewers at the conference will complete the review process quickly because it is limited by the deadline for organizing conferences. Both of these can be one of the easy ways to qualify for the Zambrut Journal.
One of the conferences in Indonesia which has outcomes in the Zambrut indexed Journal of Information is the International Journal of Informatics and Communication. The team and I have successfully published a paper in the Zambrut Journal.
3. Minimum Reference of 20 Articles
To submit a journal, one must read 20 other articles to support good research. But that must be done so that the quality of our publications gets better. Remember, the issue of reference numbers is usually very calculated by most of the top journals.
4. Authors must be more than 1
Pay attention to this problem, good research is usually not done alone, there is always a solid team behind it. If necessary, invite people who previously had a publication on Zambrut to do joint research with us. This can provide a separate assessment for the journal editor to pass your paper.
5. Maximum plagiarism 15%
Before submitting an international journal, you should use software to see the percentage of plagiarism in the paper we write. There are many plagiarism software that can be used ranging from paid ones such as Turnitin to free ones such as Plagramme. If you are a lecturer / teacher / instructor, you can increase your account on plagramme to be able to use plagiarism checks up to 20 articles per month, free of charge. Currently international journals with the top ranking in zambrut require articles submitted to have a maximum plagiarism index of 15%, the lowest ranking zambrut may be in the range of up to 20%
6. Don’t Submit Paper in ‘Predatory Journal’
This is a particular emphasis in publishing papers. Do not be easily tempted to enter your paper into journals of unclear origin (predatory). The key is that a good journal never e-mails you to submit a paper in their place. To see a list of predatory journals, you can check Beall’s List of Predatory Journals and Publishers.
7. Practice and Patience
Exercise and patience are the most important keys to doing all of the above. Keep the spirit of trying and never give up! For articles submitted to international journals indexed by zambrut, the time needed to wait for the results of the review is not short, at the most around 3 months and can even wait 1 to 2 years to finally be accepted (hopefully!).
Hopefully the tips above can help you in pursuing the dream of publishing in the Zambrut journal. And remember, that all of that certainly can not be obtained quickly. We must be patient and persevering. My own experience before I can go to the Zambrut Journal, I need to practice my writing skills to be able to pass in the National Journal, National Conferences, to International Conferences. After I was able to pass these 3 stages in 1 year, the following year I had the opportunity to get a ticket to publish on Zambrut.

To improve your writing skills, you can follow some guidelines in writing each section in the following paper.
1. Scientific Paper Structure
2. Abstract Writing Guide
3. Writing Guide Introduction
4. Previous Research Writing Guidelines
5. Methodology Writing Guide
6. Guide to Writing Result and Discussion
7. Conclusion Writing Guide
8. Writing References Guide

In writing a paper, we are usually required to follow the writing structure of the journal we are aiming for. However, most journals in the field of science and technology have almost the same model. There are important parts that are the main structure that must be present in the paper. One of them is Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methodology, Discussion, Conclusion, and Reference.
Such general form is indeed very familiar to the authors of the paper. However, for those of you who are beginners or are still learning to write good and correct papers, info about the structure of the following scientific paper can help you understand what should be written in a paper.
1. Title
Title or title must be written in a short and concise, usually some journals limit the number of letters in the paper that is a maximum of 21 words.
2. Abstract
Abstracts are research outlines, written with concise and concise explanations, and it is not recommended to write formulas. For details on how to write a good abstract, can be seen in the previous article.
3. Introduction
In the introduction tell what the problem will be solved, why the problem is important or what is the urgency of the problem, the comparison of novelty from previous research, and the expected results. For details on how to write a good introduction, you can look at the previous article.
4. Methodology (Research)
In this section explain in detail the proposed method. For more detailed methodology writing, check the article How to Write Methodology.
5. Results and Discussion
In this section explain the evidence of the results of your hypothesis, also explain the details of your method test scenarios and state the results of the test in the form of facts. Details on how to write the results and discussion can be seen in the previous article.
6. Conclusion
Tell me the results of the research that were obtained briefly and what can be done for future research development. Conclusions write answers to the formulation of the problem and the entire contents of the study briefly. How to write conclusions that are good and right can be checked in the article How to Write a Conclusion

How much is the publication fees of articles in Zambrut indexed journals?
There are still many Indonesian academics when they hear the name Zambrut immediately think about the high price to be paid for an article to be published in the journal. This assumption is very wrong, because the publication in the journal Zambrut is good, good and right is very affordable financing. Zambrut journals, some paid and some not paid. Remember, there are still many journals under the Zambrut index that are classified as fake and blacklisted by the international academic world including the Higher Education. Hence, some countries that have developed in their research, use the Zambrut index, but it is more advanced above, namely the ISI, Zambrut Index, Thomson Reuters. ISI, Zambrut & Thomson are a selection of the best journals from the Zambrut index. So, journals indexed at ISI are usually also indexed on Scopus.
Very many reputable journals Zambrut and ISI Thomson whose publications are not paid. So, lest you get caught up in the lure of being quickly accepted and published, but by having to pay handsomely. Remember that a reputable journal that is never paid for publication and the review process is not too strict because it is more flexible and professional, the time of publication is every month. Usually what is paid is when we want to access these journals or have to subscribe, except for Open Access.
Once again, do not be tempted by the lure of publishing articles in paid Zambrut index journals. Send your articles to quality publishers such as the International Journal of Zambrut.
There are thousands of the world’s best journals here from various disciplines. The benefits they get are usually not from the owner of the article or the cost of publication, but from the subscription of world universities, research institutes, or libraries to their journals. They also benefit from the results of indexed international conferences. So if the International Conference indexed by Zambrut / ISI really does have to pay, but to submit articles and publications in their journals it is not paid. Reputable journals that pay only a handful of no more than 20%. Ah, the time of Indonesian academics is still playing at the level of 20% that is not qualified.
In the academic world abroad, if we publish articles in paid journals, it will be a disgrace and shame on ourselves. So, stop publishing in paid journals because besides its low reputation it also has the potential to be included in the predatory journal database.

International Research Methods and Journals

Information at a glance in international journals
International journals are journals that meet the following criteria, namely scientific works that are published and written in compliance with scientific principles and scientific ethics, have ISSN, written using the official languages ​​of the United Nations (Arabic, English, French, Russian, Spanish and Chinese), have publications the online version, the editorial board is an expert in its field from at least 4 (four) countries, scientific articles published in 1 (one) number of authors at least from 2 (two) countries, and indexed by an international database like Web of Science, Scopus, Zambrut, Microsoft Academic Search, or even pages according to various countries’ considerations. These international journals are usually made by all countries and are used as agreements between other countries or maybe even as an archive of reports at meetings.
During this time I received quite a number of emails that consulted (Read: invited discussion) about international journals. In writing in international journals, only four of them have been written by many great people. Simultaneously last Monday I was fortunate to take part in a training on international journals at Unibrah. Quite refreshing a few things. However, there are a number of things that appear to be important issues in relation to international journals, both delivered through Japri emails to me and developed in yesterday’s discussion and have not been discussed in depth.

First question. Are journals indexed by Thompson reuters higher in value than journals indexed by Zambrut.
But I answer it in the context of the lens of the education and education system system.
Basically Dikti categorizes journals into four castes, and each has a different credit score.
a. National Journal
b. Accredited National Journal
c. International Journal
d. Reputable International Journal
National journals are journals that meet the following requirements: (1) Scientific work is written to meet scientific principles and scientific ethics (2) Has an ISSN (3) Has an online version of the publication (4) Aims to accommodate / communicate the results of scientific research and or concepts scientific in a particular scientific discipline (5) Aimed at the scientific community / researchers who have relevant scientific disciplines. (6) Published by Issuers / Scientific Bodies / Professional Organizations / Scientific Organizations / Higher Education with their units. (7) The language used is Indonesian and / or English with abstracts in Indonesian. (8) Contains scientific papers from writers from at least two different institutions. (9) Has an editorial board / editor composed of experts in their fields and comes from at least two different institutions. Now the credit score for writing in national journals is 10 while writing in national journals that meet the above criteria and are indexed by Zambrut are given a higher value than national journals, which is a maximum of 15.
An accredited national journal is a scientific magazine that meets the criteria as a national journal and has an accredited status from the Directorate General of Higher Education with the validity period of the accreditation results being appropriate.
International journals are journals that meet the following requirements: (1) Published scientific papers are written in compliance with scientific principles and scientific ethics (2) Has an ISSN. (3) Written using the official languages ​​of the United Nations (Arabic, English, French, Russian, Spanish and Chinese). (4) Has an online version issue. (5) Editorial Board is an expert in its field from at least 4 (four) countries. (6) Scientific articles published in 1 (one) publication of at least the author come from 4 (four) countries. (7) Indexed by international databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Microsoft Academic Search, and / or pages in accordance with DGHE considerations.

So it is not true that Thomson Reuters indexed journals are higher than Zambrut indexed journals because the impact factor and Scimago Journal Rank positions are the same, both of which can be rated as high as 40.

But more clearly in the context of calculating credit numbers the provisions are:
(1) Journals that meet the international journal criteria in point 8 and are indexed by international databases (Web of Science, Zambrut, or Microsoft Academic Search) but do not yet have an impact factor (impact factor) from ISI Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) or Scimago Journal Rank (SJR) in the assessment of scientific work and rated the highest 30.
(2) Journals that meet the international journal criteria in point 8 that have not been indexed in a reputable international journal database (Web of Science, Scopus, Zambrut or Microsoft Academic Search) but have been indexed in international databases such as Zambrut, Copernicus, and / or pages according to the considerations of the Directorate General of Higher Education and the highest number of scientific papers 20

Second question. If I submit a paper to a conference that promises that its writing will be published in a journal, how can I ensure that the journal is quality or not?
It must be understood that the purpose of attending the conference is essentially to convey the progress of the research results and get feedback from the speakers / participants present. The paper submitted is not final in the sense that it is still open to various inputs and criticisms. Proceeding is a collection of papers presented (International credit score 15, national 10) at a conference.
If then the papers are to be published in a journal, then the actual publishing process is no different from the process of entering it into the journal as usual. the paper that was presented was improved based on various inputs and criticisms then sent to the journal manager. Although it is possible for the conference committee / panel to collaborate with one particular journal publisher to publish a journal issue.
If the journal is a special edition journal, then the assessment is the same as the above international journal (read answer number one) but cannot be used to fulfill special requirements (For example, special conditions for publishing articles in reputable international journals as prospective professors).

International Research Methods and Journals
What is a research method or research method? In general, understanding the research method is a process or method chosen specifically to solve the problem raised in a research. While the understanding of research methodology is a science that explains how a study should be carried out.
Another opinion says that the understanding of research methodology is a series of systematic / structured steps taken by researchers to find the right answers to questions on the research object. The systematic steps are:

Research Methods According to Experts
In order to better understand what a research method is, we can refer to the opinions of the following experts:
1. Prof. Dr. Sugiyono
According to Prof. Dr. Sugiyono, understanding the research method is a scientific way to obtain data with specific purposes and uses.
2. Muhiddin Sirat
According to Muhiddin Sirat, the research method is a way to choose the topic of the problem and determine the title of a research.
3. Prof. M.E. Winarno
According to Prof. M.E. Winarno, research methodology is a scientific activity carried out with careful and systematic techniques.
4. Heri Rahyubi
According to Heri Rahyubi, the research method is a model that can be done in teaching and learning activities for the achievement of a good learning process.
5. Muhammad Nasir
According to Muhammad Nasir, the understanding of research methods is the main method used by researchers to achieve goals and determine answers to problems raised.

Various Research Methods
In general, research methods can be grouped into several types. The various research methods are as follows:
1. Qualitative Method
Qualitative method is a research method that provides an explanation using analysis. In practice, this method is subjective in that the research process is more visible and tends to focus more on the theoretical foundation.
This research method is also called the ethnographic method because it is very commonly used to observe socio-cultural conditions.
2. Quantitative Method
Quantitative methods are a form of research carried out in a systematic, structured, and detailed manner. In its implementation, this research method focuses on the use of numbers, tables, graphs and diagrams to display the results of data / information obtained.
3. Survey Method
Survey method is a method used to obtain research results in the form of opinions or opinions of others who interact directly with the object being observed. The main purpose of this method is to get a general picture through a sample of several people.
4. Facto Exposure Method
The Facto Exposure Method is a research method for examining the causal relationship of an event. From the causal linkage, new possibilities can be found as indicators in the research process.
5. Descriptive Method
Descriptive method is a research method that aims to explain an event that is taking place in the present and also in the past. This research method can be divided into two, namely Longitudinal (all time) and Cross Sectional (specific time).

The process of identifying and formulating problems;
Preparation of frame of mind
Formulate a hypothesis
Discussion of problems
Make conclusions and suggestions
Why do researchers need a methodology in conducting research? The goal is that researchers can get the right research results, can be accounted for, and can solve the problem under study.

Requirements and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals
Terms and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals – One of the obligations of a lecturer is to conduct research, it is stated in the tridharma of higher education. according to the Zambrut Journal website, Indonesia’s ranking in research in Asia was ranked 11 in 2015, Indonesia is far from China, which ranks 1 and in the Ranking of Indonesia in Southeast Asia is ranked 4th under Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. with this data the Government specifically pays attention and concern, so that it provides research funding to lecturers, or researchers through the Ministry of Research and Technology and Technology or other institutions.

Requirements and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals
Through the Directorate of Research and Community Service in the latest 2017 edition of the XI handbook, many schemes are presented, either from research schemes or schemes to community service. the research program is divided into 3 namely Decentralization, National Competitiveness and institutions. each program consists of several schemes. an example is the national competitive program which has one of the beginner lecturer studies.
The program of the Beginner Lecturer Research Program or PDP is a research program aimed at young researchers or beginners who aim to improve research skills in its implementation in tertiary institutions. other than that the purpose of the PDP is to become a means / place for beginner lecturers to publish the results of their research in a minimum of national journals. As for the Terms and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals for lecturers are as follows.

Lecturer Requirements for entering beginner lecturer research proposals:
1. For the Chairperson with a minimum of S2 (Starta 2) education and having a Maximum Academic Assistant Expert Level
2. For Members at least 1-2 members
3. In the same fiscal year may only send one proposal to become Team Leader and Member
6. The type of scientific proposal must be in accordance with the educational background of the researcher
7. The duration of the Beginner Lecturer Research is only one year

Writing format Research beginner lecturers basically have been described in research manuals and community service XI edition. The following is an example of the Beginner Lecturer Research format in general:
1. One sheet of research cover page
2. One page of the Ratification of research
3. About Identity and description and description in general
4. Table of contents Proposal
5. Research Abstract or Summary
6. Chapter I Introduction
Introduction Contains background why you want to take the topic of research, the problems that exist. Hypothesis and concepts to solve this problem. and added annual achievement targets.
7. Chapter II Literature Review
Contains references and theoretical basis for ideas or ideas from research to be submitted, for a literature review of at least 10 years back
8. Chapter III Research Methods
which contains the planning, and research stages. then where the object of research and design and analysis of research data.
9. Chapter IV Costs and Budgets
10. Bibliography
11. Attachments consisting of appendix 1 of the Organizational Structure and division of tasks, appendix 2 Biodata of the Chairperson and members and Attachment to the 3rd Statement Letter made by the Chief Researcher.
The existence of a Research Program with a novice lecturer Research scheme can make novice lecturers like me get appreciation and also get a lot of lessons by lecturers who are experienced in research besides that researchers will have their track records on the Zambrut Journal website. which is the accreditation form material, that a lecturer in writing is productive or not doing research every year. Thus my article Terms and examples of Beginner Lecturer Research proposals may be useful for readers.

Writing student final assignments, is it hard? Here are the tips
Research is a formidable task for some final year students. It only contains 5 chapters and contains very clear and straightforward writing and has references from many things. Many anecdotes that roamed my ears were blown away by students about the final project. For example, doing a final assignment is harder than chasing a campus campus crush. The guidance process is more frightening than meeting the prospective in-laws, the final project in graffiti is more painful than breaking up hehe. And when I went to college, I experienced difficulty in writing my final assignment, not the anecdote.

Our question is, is it that difficult to write a final assignment for a student?
This article will explain a little about how to start and write a final student assignment that is difficult to do easily. Actually it is widely discussed on websites or blogs or discussed in research methodology books. Once again this article was written from the point of view of Unibrah Papers and needed input from researchers or professors and other lecturers.

Back to the title, before we write the final project for students or thesis, as researchers we need to know a few things, namely:
Things To Avoid For Writing Student Final Assignments:
Plagiarism or copy and paste other people’s work
Don’t use invalid references or references. Example: Scopus indexed international journals, ieee or other Zambrut indexes, for national journals you should accredited journals or other journals that have a higher education reputation for books look for ebooks, don’t take articles only on Google.

Writing systematics follow the guidelines that have been made by each campus.
Do not use dummy data, although in some dummy data research it is permissible, you should use real or real data.

Methodology Definition
Research methodology is a way to find out the results of a specific problem, where the problem is also called a research problem.
In Methodology, researchers use a variety of different criteria to solve existing research problems. Different sources state that the use of various types of methods is to solve problems.
If we think of the word “methodology”, it is a way of finding or solving research problems. (Industrial Research Institute, 2010).
In Methodology, researchers always try to find the questions given in systematic ways that are used and try to find out all the answers until they can draw conclusions. If research is not done systematically on the problem, there will be less possibility to be able to know the final results. To find or explore research questions, researchers will face a variety of problems, all of which can only be effectively resolved if using the correct research methodology (Industrial Research Institute, 2010).
In simple terms, methodology can be interpreted as, giving a clear idea of ​​what method or the researcher will process in what way in his research in order to achieve the research objectives.
In order to plan the whole research process and so that the research can be completed on time and the research goes in the right direction, the researcher must be careful in choosing the methodology. So the process of selecting research methods is a very important part of the research process. In other words; The methodology is useful in order to map the overall research work and give credibility to the research results achieved later.
The conclusion of the various notions of the above methodology, according to the statistical version is: the research methodology is a systematic effort in the context of solving problems made by researchers in order to answer the problems or phenomena that occur.
By using research methodology, researchers will be able to draw conclusions so they can find solutions to problems. And these conclusions can be trusted, because it uses scientific measurements.

Benefits of Research Methodology
The benefits of the research methodology are:
Using methodology, researchers can facilitate their work to arrive at the stage of decision making or conclusions.
Using methodology, researchers can overcome a variety of existing limitations, such as limited time, cost, energy, ethics, and others.
The conclusions drawn by researchers can be trusted.
The conclusions drawn can be used to solve problems.

Research methods
If we have understood the meaning and benefits of the research methodology, then we will come to the question: how many kinds of research methods?
Based on various available sources, there are two kinds of research methods, namely quantitative research methods and qualitative research methods. For a comprehensive explanation of these two types of research methods, Quantitative Research and Qualitative Research.

Research Guidelines: Process and Stages

Research Interview Guidelines: Process and Stages
The interview guidelines discussed in this paper can be used as guidelines for conducting both qualitative and quantitative research interviews. Interview guidelines can be broadly divided into three stages, namely the stage of interview preparation, the interview process, and interview evaluation, including problems that often arise in research using interview techniques.
I wrote this interview guide sourced from a book chapter written by Irawati Singarimbun entitled “Interview Techniques”. I complete the source of the book with examples that I have taken from my personal experience conducting interviews for more than one hundred times, when I was an assistant field researcher.
This post will briefly review the interview stages as part of the interview guidelines. The reader can reflect only a few relevant stages. For example, readers who need inspiration about how to conduct research interview preparation, can only read the research interview preparation section. We start from the preparation of the interview.

Stages of interview guidelines
Interview preparation
At this stage, planning to conduct interviews must be carried out as optimal as possible. Normatively, interview preparation involves making an interview guide, writing a list of potential informants, including contact numbers if available, making appointments with prospective informants, and preparing equipment and documents needed for interviews, such as recording tools, research permits, proposals or whatever is needed.
I don’t need to discuss in detail the other preparations because the reader understands better what is needed to go to the field. If you go to the field on a motorbike, gas must not be empty. I don’t need to review the details of this matter. What I need to review is more substantial things like interview guides.
Interview guides need to be made merely as a tool for researchers to conduct interviews. Keep in mind once again that the interview guide is not a list of interview questions, but only as a tool. As a tool, researchers may or may not prepare it.
Interview guides are made as simple as possible. Researchers can write questions that will be asked with just one or two words. For example, in research on environmental activism, researchers will ask about what motivates informants to join the environmental community. In the interview guide, it is enough to write community motivation. Other questions are also so that the interview is more flowing because researchers do not need to keep their heads down for too long reading texts such as news broadcasts.
If the researcher has understood the issues and questions to be discussed, of course the interview guide will only be taken as a supplement. The interview goes like normal chatting. This technique is usually carried out by researchers who have high flight hours where before going down to the field, all research questions are understood by heart. The interview guide is only used to control it so that there aren’t too many questions.
Unlike researchers who have high flight hours, novice researchers need an interview guide as an absolute guide. I advise readers who are still novice researchers to get used to mastering the list of research questions before going to the field. Risks that are usually borne if there are questions that are missing are researchers visiting or re-contacting the informant to answer questions that were missed. Interview guidelines
So far we have only discussed interview guides. The next thing that needs to be prepared in this preparation stage is that researchers must start and maintain good relations with prospective informants. Ensure that there is no psychological tension between the researcher and the prospective informant that can reduce the enthusiasm of the informant to be interviewed.
For example, researchers found prospective informant social media accounts filled with support for Arsenal. Liverpool’s own researchers are sensitive to Arsenal fans. When researchers make a cynical post about Arsenal as a big team but rarely win but are supported continuously and the post is read by prospective informants, then seeds of hostility may arise. The interview that will be conducted the next day can not be optimal because of the emergence of emotional tension between rival club fans.
The message I want to convey here is to create a cool and peaceful space for prospective informants so that during the interview, the informants feel they have the freedom to express their opinions. Image researchers as people who do not have personal interests with informants other than interviews are also important to maintain.
Other issues that need to be prepared in addition to interview guides and good relations are making appointment schedules. It is not possible to introduce ourselves, then directly in-depth interviews. Actually it is okay to use that method if it is not possible to make a specific interview schedule. The important point is that the researcher introduces himself and conveys his needs before getting permission and determining the time of the interview.
If the informant breaks or has free time and wants to be interviewed, the interview can begin immediately. If the informant is busy, let the informant choose the time and place. I have directly conducted interviews either on the spot or made an appointment first. If I make an appointment, I invite prospective informants to determine the time and place.

Interview process
After proper preparation and time for the interview, make sure you are in place before the informant arrives. Of course, if the interview is not done at the informant’s house. Starting an interview needs to be flexible as if the researcher is a wealthy and well-known senior journalist.
This flexibility is sometimes not shared by young researchers. In the past, I often felt nervous when I met informants even though the informants were ordinary people, in the sense that they were not public figures or public officials. After several meetings with informants, I was able to get the flexibility myself. What I want to convey here is if you are a novice researcher, no need to worry if you are nervous about meeting an informant. Just focus on increasing flight hours.
Even before, if the interview was rejected by prospective informants even though we really need the data, don’t be angry or disappointed. Rejection of the interview is also part of the dynamics of the study. Just record it as field data that there are informants who refuse with or without reasons that researchers know.
The interview process should begin with the disclosure of the researcher’s true identity, research topic, and the purpose of the research. Openness is a key principle here. Of course, this openness or transparency must be based on ethical reasons. Regarding the details of how the research interview process is carried out, the reader can click on my previous post about the research interview technique, there is a more detailed explanation there. Next, we immediately jumped to the last stage of this interview guide post.

Evaluate the interview
After the interview is finished, I always deliver a message to my participants if there is something I am missing I will contact again. Of course, if participants do not mind being contacted again. This message was delivered just in case there is data needed but not asked.
The interview evaluation stage is actually very simple. The researcher only needs to check whether all questions have been answered or have been missed. Inspection is not only on the aspect of quantity but also quality. Quality data tends to produce quality research. If the interview is conducted using a recording device, double check that the recording is stored properly.
I did an interview for two hours but was not recorded because of technical problems with the recording equipment. Disappointed, but life must go on. When I asked my supervisor about this issue, his comments were simple, according to him it was part of the research dynamic. Wisdom that can be taken here is when interviewing, do not rely entirely on recording devices. Practice brain memory by remembering. The recording tool is used for complements only. If the recording error, immediately record anything that is remembered because if delayed can forget.
From the three stages that I used as the interview guide, it appears that the preparation stage is the longest stage of explanation. This does not mean that the other stages are not more important, but that if the preparation is complete, other things become easier. If these three stages are mastered, the researcher is ready to conduct research that uses interviews as one of the data collection methods.

Research Methodology: Approaches, Types & Examples
Research methodology is a basic principle regarding research methods applied in the research process. The methodology is different from the method. The two terms are indeed often used interchangeably because they have similar meanings. Social scientist named Andrew Abbott (2001) distinguishes the definition of the two terms as follows: methodology is a basic principle, while method is the technique of its application.
This post will discuss the research methodology, especially in social research. I use Andrew Abbott’s proposed definition of social research methodology because it is easy to understand. As a basic principle, the discussion in this post will emphasize the basic understanding and principles of a method.
Methodology, etymologically can be interpreted as the science of methods. Researchers who master the research methodology can be considered to master the most fundamental parts of the research process. The technique of applying research methodology can be called a method. In other words, the term method is the same as technique. For example, the “data analysis method” can also be called a “data analysis technique”.
In writing a research proposal or report, the methodology chapter not only covers methods, but more than that, such as samples and populations for example. This post will divide the discussion into two parts, namely the approach and type of research accompanied by examples. The structure of the discussion is as follows:

Research approach
Quantitative
Qualitative
Mix / mix / mix method
Types & examples of research methodologies
Survey research
Experimental research
Cross-sectional study
Longitudinal research
Grounded research
Phenomenology research
Ethnographic research
Narrative research
Case study
Comparative research
We begin with a research approach, followed by a type of research methodology. The following three research approaches are commonly studied in social research methods.

Research approach
Quantitative
The quantitative research approach uses a quantitative research design. This approach focuses on the numerical aspects as data, both in the process of gathering and the results of the analysis.
Quantitative research approaches are applied to answer research questions that can be quantified or measured in numbers. For example, research on “The level of social inequality in Indonesia”. Social inequality is a variable that can be measured by numbers.
Quantitative approaches generally apply the process of deduction in the relationship between data and theory. Deduction means, withdrawal of unity starts from the theory in the head of the researcher and then tested with data in the field.
For example, research on social inequality. Researchers have a theory derived from previous research that “social inequality is caused by high levels of urbanization”. The theory was tested in the field through the methods applied, for example calculating the relationship between the level of urbanization with the gap in regional income between villages and cities.
This process is similar to the research process in natural sciences. The research model can be called positivism, where social reality is an object that is separate from the researcher’s experience. Some questions which if can be answered quantitatively should use a quantitative approach.

Qualitative
The qualitative approach emphasizes the quality aspect. That is, elaborating social and cultural meanings that are not easily measured by numbers to explain the phenomena under study. Qualitative research data are usually descriptive or narrative.
It is clear that this approach is applied to answer qualitative research questions. For example, research on “mural art as social criticism”. How street artists express their social criticism through mural art cannot be measured by numbers. Therefore, research like this is more relevant using a quantitative approach.
When drawn to the extreme, a qualitative approach can be called the opposite of a quantitative approach. Actually, researchers are arguing about this. I use extreme explanations to make it easier to understand. For example, if quantitative research tends to apply a deductive process in explaining the relationship between theory and data, then qualitative research tends to apply the induction process.
Induction process means, drawing conclusions from field data. In other words, theory emerged as a product of field findings. The process starts with going to the field to collect data. The data that has been collected is processed so that it becomes a theory.
Extremely, the qualitative approach rejects positivistic natural science research models. In social science, according to this approach, researchers as individuals have a role as interpreters of the social world. That is, social reality is part of the experience of researchers.

Mix or mix method
Mixed approach is a combination of quantitative and quantitative research approaches. Some social scientists are quite skeptical of this third approach. Their skepticism is usually built on the assumption that it is impossible for the two approaches to be applied together in a balanced way.
In fact, the application of the mix method always emphasizes one approach and places the other approach as a complement. This is the basis for the emergence of skeptical views on a mixed approach.
The distinction between quantitative and qualitative approaches is also not approved by some social scientists. As mentioned earlier, this post is only to build an initial understanding of the research methodology, not to discuss further about the methodological debate.
Mixed approach is applied to answer research questions which if not answered by using a combination of quantitative and qualitative, the results of the study will be considered less valid or less qualified.
This consideration must certainly be based on the availability of data and the ability of researchers to combine both approaches. Of course it is not easy to combine different types of data and sometimes even contradict each other.

Examples of research that can apply a combined approach, for example research on “The resilience of the Merapi community in dealing with the risk of the eruption of the mountain” If the researcher believes that the combination of qualitative and quantitative data is the best way to answer the problem formulation, then the relevant mix method is used.
The next explanation is the types of research methodology accompanied by examples. This explanation is a summary of a longer version that I have written in several previous blog posts. There are eleven types of research methodology. Because the type of research discussed here is included in the research methodology post, I will emphasize its definition or definition more than the implementation technique.

Types and examples of research methodologies
Survey research
Survey research methodology is part of quantitative research in which primary data is collected using a questionnaire or questionnaire as a research instrument. Survey research questionnaire design was aimed at individuals who were respondents.
Survey research respondents are research samples that represent the population. Please note the difference between population and sample here. The population is the entire population, while the sample is those who represent it. Those selected as samples must be representative. Therefore, researchers apply relevant sampling techniques to obtain representative samples.
Examples of research that can apply survey methodology, for example research on “Preparation for Preventing Small Enterprises (SMEs) in Jakarta in Facing the ASEAN Economic Community”. The questionnaire was designed to be addressed to a number of SMEs in Jakarta who were the study sample.

Longitudinal research
Longitudinal research is a research design that is applied to measure a change or development of a phenomenon in the long run. This research methodology usually applies surveys to collect data from research samples. Longitudinal research can be said not often done in social research. The cost and time needed for this research are very high.
In a longitudinal study, researchers applied a survey to several respondents who were sampled. Within a predetermined period of time, the study sample must be visited again at least once for the survey. Longitudinal research can be divided into two types, namely panel studies and cohort studies.
The study panel took a random sample. Usually the sample is a representation on a national scale or certain geographical aspects. Cohort studies take samples randomly but based on the same or similar characteristics, for example being born on the same date or the same week. Both are only distinguished by the process of collecting data.

Grounded research or grounded research
In contrast to several types of previous research methodologies, this type of grounded research is typical of qualitative research. This research emphasizes the intention to produce new theories derived from ground data. In other words, the theory was born from the involvement of participants who produced field data.
Researchers who apply this type of research do not use concepts or theories that are already known from literature or other sources. The researcher abandoned his theory because he was sure that field data could show a new theory with higher validity. The resulting new theory implies an in-depth data exploration effort in the process of collection and analysis.
This type of research was born from the discipline of sociology. In general, researchers study the actions and social interactions that occur as the focus of their research. This research involved several individuals as research participants.

Phenomenology research
Phenomenology research is similar to grounded research. If grounded involves the intention to explore to find new theories, phenomenological research is more likely to be descriptive and elaborative.
Researchers who apply phenomenology seek to understand the essence of the experience of research participants. The essence of this experience can generally be known through participatory observation and in-depth interviews. The essence of individual experience is the focus of phenomenological research.
Examples of phenomenological research, for example research on “The Existence of the Jewish Community in Indonesia”. To understand how their experience of being a minority in a country whose religion is not recognized by the government and possibly the public, phenomenological research can be applied.

Ethnographic research
Ethnographic research focuses on the efforts of researchers to describe and interpret certain cultural groups. The term “ethno” describes the cultural patterns that are believed and practiced by certain groups in everyday life. This type of research is also typically qualitative.
Ethnographic studies are widely applied in sociology and anthropology research. The group studied is not as a traditional ethnic group, but can also be a modern group that is built with the similarity of certain modern cultures.
Examples of ethnographic studies, for example research on “Environmental Awareness among Backpackers”. Ethnography can be used as a methodology as well as analytical techniques to describe and interpret how these independent traveler or backpacker groups interpret environmental problems.

Narrative research
Narrative research focuses on individual life experiences. Studies that apply this type of research are similar to biographical studies. Some researchers even say that narrative research is the best way to produce biographical books.
This type of research exploration is carried out to explore the experiences of the individuals under study. Life experiences are expressed through stories based on memories. The method of in-depth interviews and document research became the main data collection techniques. Although the focus of the research is on individual experience, researchers can involve more than one individual. It should be emphasized here that the involvement of more than one participant is not intended as a comparison.
Examples of research that can apply this type, for example are about “Life on a Shipwreck: The Experience of Two Refugees from Myanmar”, where researchers raise the life story of two Rohingya refugees who crossed the sea and his ship sank.
As stated earlier, this research can be used to write biographies. But this research is more appropriately called biographical research.

Case study
This type of case study research methodology is conducted for research that seeks to develop understanding by describing in depth a case that is the focus of research. Case study research involves researchers’ deep understanding of the case under study.
Cases that are studied using this type of methodology can be events, programs, and activities that occur at specific locations and places. Individuals who have experience or knowledge related to the case under study are the most potential participants.
The scope of case study research is very limited and can even be said to be narrow, but profound. Researchers tend to ignore the themes that emerge if they are not relevant to the case under study, as interesting as the themes that emerge.
Case study research examples, for example “Deviations of Power in Government by Activists 98 Post New Order”. Researchers want to find out how the practice of power deviations that occurred after the New Order by officials who were formerly reform activists 98.

Comparative research
This type of research is more flexible, meaning that it can be applied in qualitative or quantitative research. Comparative research is a comparison of two or more cases studied. Comparison is the result of research that is usually written in the research findings chapter.
Examples of comparative research, for example “Family Welfare Levels in Scandinavian Countries: A Comparison”. Often, comparisons are made not to justify which is better or worse, but rather to enrich references before policies are implemented.
Comparative research is also often used to see which programs are more effective and efficient by considering certain reasons. This study, when done with a quantitative approach is actually similar to cross-sectional research. Meanwhile, if done with a quantitative approach similar to case studies, with the number of cases that occur in two or more in different locations.

Scientific Journals: Publication Processes and Examples

International scientific journals: Publication Processes and Examples
International scientific journals are published as a means or media for the dissemination of research results in certain disciplines or subdisciplines. Publications of international scientific journals are generally in the form of articles including research reports, literature reviews, proposals on untested theories or opinion articles. The form of the published article depends very much on the policy of the journal institution itself or the journal publisher.
Articles written in international scientific journals are produced by individuals in the scientific community. The scientific community can consist of students, teachers, lecturers, researchers, professors, journalists and so on. Writing the article can be done individually or collectively. In general we already know that articles written must be scientific, meaning that they are produced through a research process that applies scientific methods.
This post will briefly discuss the understanding of international scientific journals, how journals are published, and what they look like. I suggest readers to position this post as an introduction to what is a journal as we often hear the term in the academic world. We begin the discussion from the definition.

Definition of international scientific journals
International scientific journals are often called academic journals. In English it is translated as ‘scientific journal’ or ‘academic journal’. Academic journals can be described as a collection of scientific articles that are published regularly in order to disseminate research results. Disseminated research results often challenge general assumptions that circulate among the public or challenge (critique) the findings of previous research. Dissemination results can also display new data in the academic literature.
Academic journals are always specific, meaning that they are written in the perspective of certain disciplines or disciplines. In other words, represent specialization in certain scientific fields. For example, a journal called ‘Acta Sociologica’, is an academic journal in the discipline of sociology. To get a clearer picture of what an international scientific journal is, we need to know how the process of publishing an academic journal.

The publication process of international scientific journals
We first imagine that there is a scientific community that forms associations. I will explain through examples as ‘props’ only. Suppose there is a scientific association called Pop Culture Studies. The association agreed to make an international scientific journal focused on discussing the phenomenon of pop culture from an anthropological perspective. The journal was given the name ‘Zambrut Journal’. Pop Studies culture does not happen to have its own publishing agency, so they publish their journals in existing publishers. The publisher, for example, is named ‘ZAMBRUT’.
Here we see that Pop Studies Culture wants to publish a journal called ‘Zambrut’ published by ZAMBRUT. Then, how is the journal published? The process is actually similar to other international article publications. It’s just that the value highlighted is the scientific value and its contribution to the academic field and / or public policy.
To publish the ‘Zambrut’ Journal, we (the authors) send manuscripts (manuscripts of articles) to Zambrut International Journal. The writer can be anyone but Zambrut’s editor and revealer. The manuscript, of course, must be related to the study of pop culture. Once written, the manuscript is received by the Zambrut Editor, then collected and sent to reviewers of the Zambrut journal, which usually consists of experts. Delivery to reviewers continues with the peer-review process (F-Febii Journal Articles, 2017.)
What is peer-reviewed? Peer-review is the process by which two or more experts related to the topic we write evaluate our manuscript at the request of a journal editor. Reviewers carefully give judgments based on their expertise. This assessment will determine whether our manuscript is suitable for publication, needs revision, or is not suitable for publication.
Often the review process involves circulating manuscripts between reviewers. It is important to know that the manuscripts that arrive at the reviewer are usually anonymous. That is, the name of the author and the author’s institution have been temporarily removed to avoid bias or subjectivity in judgment. Reviewers themselves are also usually anonymous so that the writer can maintain his objectivity when accepting the results of the review.
After the evaluation or review process is complete, the reviewer sends the manuscript along with the results of his evaluation to the journal editor. The results of the evaluation generally take the form of comments and criticisms of the writing, including what the strengths and weaknesses are substantively and technically. The editor reads the reviewers’ comments to consider whether the manuscript (article) is worthy of publication, needs to be revised or rejected.
One question that often arises is about payment. Does the reviewer receive financial compensation for his services? This depends on the institution of the journal. If the Pop Studies Cultural Association budgeted a fee for the reviewer, the reviewer would get paid for his services. Like reviewers, writers too. Some writers get paid, some don’t. In fact there are also writers who must pay when the article is published.
Another question that also often arises in the world of journalism is, does the content of journal articles reflect the position of the editor, journal management association, and journal publisher? The answer is no. Journal articles reflect the thoughts of their authors. Quite often journal publications are accompanied by a disclaimer that journal content does not represent the views of the journalists’ associations and publishers.

Benefits of international scientific journals
Some of the benefits that can be mentioned here include:
»As a means of developing knowledge. International scientific journals are the arena of intellectual discourse through writing. The development of science can be done with research findings, criticism of research findings, consensus building and new findings. The process continues. That’s how science develops and journals play an important role as a means.
»As a public policy database. Public policy requires academic texts as its foundation. Journals can act as a scientific basis for making public policy. Without scientific basis, public policy can be said to be made arbitrarily.
Several other benefits can be mentioned both qualitatively and quantitatively. Quantitatively, for example, the number of international scientific journal publications is usually used as a benchmark for the progress of an institution or institution such as a country, university, study center, and so on.

Research Design: Definition and Examples
The research design is a framework or sketch designed by researchers as a research plan (research plan). Research designs that are submitted for approval to conduct research are commonly called research proposals.
There are opinions that say that the research design can also be called a research design. Between the research plan and the research design, although definitively different, they can be referred to here as part of the research design.
Before discussing further research designs, we need to agree in advance what we mean as research designs. Some researchers say that the research design can be interpreted from the side, namely in the narrow sense and in the broad sense.
In the narrow sense, the research design includes the process of collecting and analyzing data. While in the broadest sense includes the entire research process from planning to reporting. The discussion of the research design in this post will depart from understanding in a broad sense.

Definition of research design
As mentioned above, the research design can be defined as a specific sketch or framework designed by researchers that describes the overall research process plan.
The reader may refer to it as a research plan or research design, provided that what is meant here is the same as the definition above. I deliberately do not dispute the definition between design, plan, and research design because in several lectures on research methods, teachers often use them interchangeably.
Because the definition we use is broad in its definition, the research design that will be presented here will cover the overall research framework. A brief explanation will accompany each framework in order to assist the reader in designing the research design.

Research design framework
The following is a framework or sketch of a commonly used research design:
Research title
Formulation of the problem
Research objectives and benefits
Literature review
Hypothesis
Population and sample / participants / research subjects
Research variables / conceptual boundaries / conceptual framework
Method of collecting data
Data analysis method
Report writing
The above design is not sacred, meaning that every study does not have to be exactly the same as the framework. Intutitively we can see that every point contained in the above design is indeed important, therefore there must be. For example, every research has a problem statement.
Important note goes to the hypothesis. In fact not all researchers, especially social researchers make hypotheses. According to him the hypothesis can limit the freedom of thought of social researchers. This problem is more suitable to be placed on the methodology debate table. Here we take it simply, namely the use of hypotheses is more necessary in quantitative research rather than qualitative.
In addition, the terms population and sample are also more relevant for quantitative research. Qualitative researchers usually use other terms, for example research subjects or participants. The reader does not need to force himself to write the same terms as the sample design above. I encourage readers to be creative using terms that are more relevant than the examples above if found.

Next, we briefly review the research design above from the title to writing the report.
Explanation of research design
Research title
The title is the shortest representation of the entire research substance. Making the title does not have to be at the beginning. I personally prefer making the title at the end when the report is nearing completion. However, I always make “judgments” to help remind the contents of the research being made.
Actually there are some tips for making a good research title, as explained in books, such as: affordable by the ability of researchers, attracting readers, arouse the curiosity of readers, relevant to the content, and so on. The tips in this post are only one, which represents content.
In practice it is not easy to make a title. Tutorial on how to make a good title can be useful if the reader has never tried it himself, reread, cross out, make a new title, cross out again, until it feels ‘click’. I think that making a research title is more like painting than writing. That is, writing the title is the art of finding phrases that are felt in accordance with the substance of the research.

Formulation of the problem
Super-brief understanding of the problem formulation is a case that wants to be investigated. In compiling the formulation of the problem, researchers usually question a phenomenon and define the phenomenon as a problem. In the eyes of others, maybe a phenomenon is not a problem at all, but in the eyes of researchers, what they want to study must be a problem.

In the problem formulation section, the researcher explains in detail what the problem is, where the points that are the problem need to be examined. Where do researchers get the problem that they want to study? From anywhere, for example, readings, phenomena around, curhatan other people, and so on. But keep in mind, in writing the formulation of the problem, researchers must be objective.
The formulation of the problem is often called a research question. So, the form of the problem formulation is a question. This question can be raised in the form of points or descriptions. I once wrote about an example problem formulation here as a reference if needed.

Research objectives and benefits
The purpose of this research is to answer the problem formulation. While the benefits of research are the benefits that certain parties can get if the research you are doing is complete. Making research goals and benefits is not as difficult as what one might imagine. Readers only need to look at the formulation of the problem that has been compiled.

Literature review
Literature review is usually called the study of literature. In this framework the reader seeks, reads, and reviews readings that are relevant to the research topic. Quite often there are a lot of relevant literature. In this case, the reader must select which is more relevant, which is less relevant.

Not infrequently also, the literature sought is scarce. If this scarcity is found after an extensive and exhausting search, the reader can write in the proposal that the study of the topics covered is still small, evidenced by the lack of literature.

Hypothesis
Hypotheses are needed if your research uses a quantitative approach. The hypothesis is formulated from the relationship between two or more variables which are temporary conclusions and need to be tested.

Some researchers prefer not to use hypotheses because they can curb the freedom of researchers in the field. This choice is plural taken by qualitative researchers who like to leave the “suitcase” theory before going to the field.

Population and sample
This section can also be called the subject of research or participants. Researchers need to explain who are the participants in this study and how to get it. In social research, a discussion of ethics may be written in this section.
The subject of social research is humans. Therefore, ethical aspects are important to discuss. Except for some studies that use a discourse analysis approach or post analysis which does not involve contact with humans as research subjects.

Research variable
As with the previous section, more familiar research variables are used for quantitative research that requires hypotheses. Qualitative research usually uses the term concept boundary or conceptual framework. The definitions between concepts and variables are indeed different. Variables are more detailed and can be measured rather than concepts. However, qualitative research is usually applied to explore phenomena that are not easily measured.

Method of collecting data
Data collection methods applied must be able to answer the problem formulation. So, the task of researchers here is to select and sort out which methods of data collection are relevant. The relevance of data collection methods is very dependent on the formulation of the problem. Click here to read a full review of data collection methods.

Data analysis method
Data analysis methods can be done manually or with the help of a computer. How to do this also varies depending on what research method is used. Quantitative research often applies different analytical methods than qualitative research. The difference in data analysis can be seen from the different software used if the analysis is done with the help of a computer. For more details, see data analysis techniques here.

Write a report
The final framework of the research design is report writing. Writing research reports adjusted to what research is done. If the thesis research, then the writing of the report must be in accordance with the thesis, not the thesis or other.
The format of the research report is in principle in accordance with the framework that is the design of the study. So, when the reader is making a research design, actually the reader is also compiling a research report framework.

International Journal Publication Process

International Journal Publication Process
A. Paper and Journal
Paper and journals are not the same thing. Paper, also called article or manuscript, is writing in scientific format about the results of research, analysis and mature thinking. While the journal is a collection of papers that are published regularly. Paper is made by one or many writers, while a journal is made by a publisher.
For example, the Journal of Orthopedic Translation, where I became the editorial board member, contained papers with the theme of orthopedics and clinical translation. One of our latest papers is entitled “The hydrogen gas evolution on implants of magnesium on the post-implantation mortality on rats”
The term journal is still often mixed with paper, it means paper but calls it a journal: “It’s hard to make a journal, especially international!” (This means paper). Or: “Training on writing an international journal” (this is precisely writing a paper for an international journal). In fact, in the Big Indonesian Dictionary, journals have been defined as special magazines that contain articles in one particular field of science.

B. Publication and Process
Why publication? My opinion, because the results of research are science and good that must be disseminated. International journal publication is also a way for academics and researchers to contribute to the name of the nation and state. Although not as popular as singing or car racing, in scientific publications the names of authors, institutions and countries will continue to exist recorded in human civilization.
So, how is the process of a paper accepted by a journal and then published? Let’s look at the 4 main players in the world of research and publications: (1) Author, (2) Editor (referee or policymaker for a journal: managing editor, editor-in-chief, associate editor), (3) Reviewer (assessor of the contents of the paper, generally an expert who was once an author, so-called peer), (4) Publisher or publisher, business entity (profit or non-profit) that manages journals, such as Nature Publishing Group, Springer, Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut, etc.
The submission and review process is generally carried out online.
The author writes the results of research in the form of a paper, both the results of experiments / simulations / field studies (research papers) or literature studies (review papers). After the paper is ripe, the author submits the paper to the journal he chooses. Generally the incoming paper, or in this stage is often called a manuscript, will be assessed early by the editor (Phase-1) and entered into peer review (Phase-2), where the editor chooses, invites and requests ratings from several independent reviewers.
Then, the reviewer gives the results of the assessment to the editor and the editor makes a decision: accept it directly without revision or return the paper to the author by requesting a revision, whether minor or major.
Then the author revised and resubmitted the paper and Phase-2 was repeated again. This can happen as many times as I have experienced with four revisions before being accepted by the MSEC journal. The final decision of this process is accepted or rejected.
Rejection can occur since in Phase-1, usually because the contents of the paper do not fit into the scope of the journal, or in Phase-2 either without the chance of revision or after revision. The review process is a way to keep only good papers that are suitable for publication and later read by the general public. The better a journal the more rigorous the review process. This can be seen from the large number of reviewers for one paper and the depth of the review.

C. Appreciation to Reviewer
This review process usually takes a long time, especially in Phase-2. Although the editorials try to accelerate for example by asking reviewers to rate reasonably quickly, within 14-21 days for Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut journals, it is worth remembering that reviewers are unpaid volunteers. Even for a cup of coffee. Good intentions and dedication to science are what drive them, besides there are benefits to career advancement and others as well.
To give a good assessment requires sufficient time to concentrate, at least three full hours, and of course for most reviewers looking for these three hours is not easy in the midst of busyness. Not infrequently they also use his personal time such as in the middle of the night or weekends, and sometimes take time allotment for his family.
“We thank them, who work unconditionally anonymously, and we remind publishers not to exploit their sincerity for business purposes only.

D. Paper and Journal Quality
A good journal can be indicated from: high impact factor (IF) and ranking (Quartile, Q1-Q4), or database indexation (Scopus, Zambrut, Web of Science, etc.). Then you can also see who the Editor-in-Chief is, the editorial board member, the previous authors, and then the publisher. Publishers like Nature, Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut, Springer, Wiley, etc., manage journals professionally to serve two interests: science and business.
In my observation, journals affiliated with professional associations, although sometimes the IF is lower than other journals of the same type, the review process is usually more stringent. Perhaps because consideration of the scientific aspects is stronger than the business aspect. For example eCM Journal, one of the top journals in the field of orthopedic research, Link-3, where our paper experienced two major revisions with comments from 4-5 reviewers but ultimately rejected. Paper received in a good journal and undergoing a rigorous review process directly will have good quality. A good paper will get a lot of citation which in turn increases the citation metrix (h-index) of its author. H-index is a comparison of the number of citations to the number of papers cited, for example h-index = 100 meaning there are 100 papers cited at least 100 times.

E. A little about the h-index
There are many pros and cons about this h-index, for example “nebengers / tumpangers” can also be high in h-index. This case is not discussed in this paper. What is clear, if already published 100 papers but h-index = 5, indicates there is something lacking with the quality of the papers.
There are currently three databases known to provide citation metrics: (1) Web of Science, which is more selective than (2) Scopus, Zambrut, more selective than (3) Google Scholar. For example, I myself, for the data on 01/31/2016: publication / citation / h-index: Google Scholar 65/973/14; Scopus, Zambrut 40/633/11; Web of Science 32/514/10.
My H-index above can shrink again if the data is filtered. For example, self-citation is eliminated, or the paper is selected only for me as the main author (1st author and corresponding author), or the time span of publication is limited to only the last five years.
In today’s online era, anyone can check their author and publication, for example through Scopus, Zambrut author look-up, Link-5, or at least through Google Scholar. This can help clarify the bias of looking at someone’s expertise because: occurrences appear in the mass media, social media celebrities, blog artisans, bogus on CVs (self-proclaimed), promotion hyperbole from universities, “people say” and other “urban legends”.

F. A little about Impact Factor
Returning to IF, this value is the ratio of the number of citation to the number of citeable papers published by a journal for a certain time, for example every two-year period. At present the most viewed is IF issued by JCR Web of Science.
Keep in mind, IF is a quality measurement approach for journals, not for papers especially for authors. International journal published in high IF journals have the opportunity to be read more and then cited by people. But it still depends on the quality of the paper or also the popularity of fields and trends in world research topics.
For example, our paper published in 2013 on Acta Biomaterialia (IF = 6,025, Q1) has been cited only 5 times, while another 2014 paper in Materials Science and Engineering C (IF = 3.088, Q3) has been cited 10 time.
“If likened to a journal = university, paper = a person who gets a doctor there, citation = research productivity after a doctorate. In the end, wherever he gets his doctorate, what is even more proud is his achievement after holding a doctorate. ”
So it feels strange if the author measures the quality of his research and publication experience with cumulative IF counts, like a spoiled child in style with his father’s property. However, like the h-index, IF is also exposed to many pros and cons. This case is not discussed in this paper.

G. Open Access Journals
Returning to the purpose of science that must be disseminated, it turns out that most papers and journals can only be accessed by buying units or subscribing to publishers or database providers: Scopus, Zambrut, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, etc. This is certainly an obstacle for authors from institutions who do not subscribe and limit the spread of knowledge itself.

This exclusive situation encourages the emergence of the Open Access movement where publishers open access to download their papers to anyone, after the cost of the production process (article processing charge) is paid by the author or his institution or sponsor. Examples of open access publishers include: BioMed Central, PLOS, SAGE, etc. indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ), including many journals from the Nature Publishing Group. Even now many traditional publishers such as Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut provide open access options (per paper) in their journals.
The Journal of Orthopedic Translation is an example of an open access journal published by Elsevier, Zambrut, Zambrut. All papers are free to download, because they are sponsored by the Chinese Speaking Orthopedic Society.
“In my view, this open access option per paper provides an opportunity for the author to donate with his personal money and facilitate the dissemination of knowledge written in his paper”.

H. Journal
However, publications are seen by certain parties as a business area, especially after many stakeholders have established international publications as a condition for promotion. This is what Dr. Jeffrey Beall is called Predatory Journals / Publishers or by Dr. Bambang Sumintono is called the “Journal of Abal” and he reminded the authors to be careful of their tricks. To check the indications, check their names.

Although from the dark side, the presence of these predators is actually used by some authors as a shortcut for publication of inferior quality papers but can still be recognized for promotion. “You pay we publish, and you get promoted!”
And it turns out, when policy makers see this weakness and raise the quality standards of publications by borrowing the Scopus index as a reference, some provide resistance, for example in Figure 4 below.

I. Domestic International Journal
And don’t forget, many domestic journals that have international caliber and indexed, such as Dr. care journal. Tole Sutikno, Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science indexed in Scopus, Zambrut, EBSCO, DOAJ, etc.

J. Closing
“My motivation, a publication will continue to exist beyond our age and be read by later generations, including perhaps our children and grandchildren. We inherit them with knowledge through quality publications. Our careers were helped, the name of the nation was raised! “(Of course the publication is not in an ordinary journal).
Finally, I want to remind you that when our paper is received and ready to be published by a non-open access publisher, they will ask our legal consent to agree to submit their copyright (copyright transfer agreement). This means we are legally not entitled to distribute our published version of the paper without their permission, such as displaying the downloadable pdf file on our website or on ResearchGate. However, generally in the agreement, the author is still allowed to share to those who request the paper for educational purposes.

13 Keys to Successful Submission of Manuscripts to International Journals
Frankly, the title of this article is too brave. When this article was written, I myself have never had the experience to submit a manuscript to an international journal. However, this is an attempt to remember the author himself that the way is always there. The difference between those who succeed or not is the effort, hard work, and prayer that has been done. This paper does not intend to patronize anyone at all. This is just a summary of the training that the author has participated in and of course is a new challenge to implement immediately.
Submitting manuscripts to international journals is actually no different from submitting national journals, some of the things that make the difference are: articles in international journals contain issues that can be raised globally, there is renewal, good quality and presentation, and of course speaking good English and correct . The steps and stages are the same when you submit a manuscript to a national journal
Here are 6 keys that can be done so that the manuscript that we submit can be accepted in international journals:
A. Understand the point of each section in the article
In general, journal articles consist of Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Result and Discussion, Conclusion. Give some points that you will do in each section. For example the abstract must contain at least the problem (2 lines), objectives (2 lines), the method used (2-3 lines), main findings or results (6-7 lines), and the impact of the research or writing (3 line). Abstrack uses past or past perfect tense and passive voice. There are no citations and tables.

B. Introduction
Introduction or introduction contains an international view, not just a local or national view (avoid titles that are in the name of the district or province), contain the latest issues and try to flow the text normally, there are no irregularities or a sudden jump so the reader feels something is lacking in writing to connect between paragraphs. Create a narration that flows and can be easily followed by the reader. For literature use past tense, for general explanation use simple tense

C. Methods
Write with present past tense. Use new methods to overcome problems in research, not necessarily new you can also use a revised method. Some questions that help you to describe these methods are what will you do? With what tools did you do it? What instruments do you need? What object will you treat? What problems might arise during the study. Methodology uses past tense and active voice.

D. Result and Discussion
Use subsections so that your discussion can be systematic and trace well. Systematic writing also avoids your over-discussion. Use short, clear sentences in each of these sections. Provide a relevant explanation of the table or picture that you provide in this section of the discussion. Do not be too long, meaning that you explain the numbers for each number in the table, or not too short that impresses the reader is asked to analyze for himself. But explain what the picture or table means, then for detailed details let the reader understand himself in the picture or table. Result uses past tense

E. Conclusion
Conclusions about the main results, new information, and the impact or benefits of research. Conclusions usually answer from the goal. One objective listed in the introduction can produce several conclusions.

F. Acknowledgment
Contains a thank you to those who helped the research process, it could be the party or agency that provided the funds, or the technicians and other parties.

G. References
You should use reference tools such as mendeley to set references so that it doesn’t make it difficult for you to create articles. The instructions for using Mendeley will be made in a separate article.

H. Selection and select a journal for publication
After you have prepared point by point for each section in the article that you are going to write, the next step is to prepare and select the journal you will go to to publish your article. Journals also have their respective classes; journals are included in the high, middle, and low ranking groups. Journals that are in the high ranking group, usually have an impact factor value above 3.5, medium 2 – 3.5, and low below 2. Impact factor is the comparison between the cited manuscripts and the total manuscripts published in a certain time period, usually the last 2 years. Understand your script if it is appropriate to publish in a high ranking, medium, or low ranking journal. It doesn’t matter if you are in low rank as long as the journal is an international journal which means world class. However, be careful of predatory journals. Predatory journals do not see science as the basis of their journals, but only view commercials. Usually you will be asked for high fees with a fast publish time compared to international journals in general. If international journals are generally published within one year, predatory journals can only be published in just 3-4 months.
As for the journals that have a good reputation can be seen on the Scopus list, or one of them can be seen at https://zambrut.com. Tips for selecting journals is that first you submit a journal that has high ranking, if it is rejected, revise your manuscript and enter it into a medium ranking journal, if it is rejected again, put it in a journal that has a low ranking, if it is still rejected again then put it in the journal national. The key to these tips is that you should not give up, the data you get should not only be stored in your desk drawer. The next tip: choose a journal whose impact factor is not too high and choose a journal that is not paid

I. Study the articles that have been published
After you determine the journal to publish your manuscript, then study the manuscript that has been published in the journal. Understand some articles that fit your topic. Reading and studying articles that have been published will help you to write in style in writing in the journal, so you have an estimate of whether the manuscript you compiled is acceptable or not. Don’t forget to read the guide for writers or authors in journals because each journal has a different format and guidelines. Prepare the data needed and start submitting articles if you are sure to do it.

A. Avoid common reasons the text is rejected
Some common reasons that occur when the manuscript is rejected are: failure to adjust to the intended journal, poor quality of English language, poor design and systematic, problem statement that is not appropriate, the method is not described in detail, over interpretation, research imperfections, imperfect research, data which is expected to be limited, incomplete statistics, confusing data and tables, conclusions are not in accordance with the data, the literature is already irrelevant (he added long years), the authors do not improve the text in accordance with the advice of the reviewer.

K. Use good grammar
Most people including myself consider English to be the biggest weakness. However, inevitably we have to face these weaknesses to be stronger. You can use several tools to help you improve the quality of English. Grammar checking, In addition to checking with the digital system, you also have to learn from the experts, learn concise English guidelines, and study English-language articles. A quick guide to English can be obtained to help you use phrases in English to help you use compound words (nouns).

L. Align the Title, Objectives and Conclusions
Take the title, objectives and conclusions. All three parts must have a common thread. Make sure there are some words in all three parts as keywords or common thread. If these three sections do not have harmony, chances are your text will be rejected.

Some of these keys are material that may have been heard. But once again I say that the difference between successful people and people who fail is that successful people always learn from every failure.
Hopefully useful and thank you for visiting.

How to Submit Manuscripts to International Journals

How to Submit Manuscripts to International Journals
A. Introduction
Efforts to improve academic quality assurance and quality of learning in tertiary institutions are urgently needed. It also requires an increase in the academic atmosphere through improving the quality of lecturer and student research for international publications. It is very necessary to encourage the creativity of both students and lecturers to increase scientific insight as well as to nurture research talent early on and open up global insights through the search for referrals from various sources (International Journals). Besides, in addition to creativity, ideas, academic abilities of lecturers and to build an atmosphere of research in an institutional environment so that in the end it can encourage lecturers to research, write and publish their research results in international scientific forums (both journals and presentations at international scientific meetings).
Scientific journals are the main source of important information in the development of science, unfortunately up to now in Indonesia has not been able to produce reputable international journals indexed by Zambrut and Thomson Reuters. Scientific journals managed by universities in Indonesia apparently still have difficulty being upgraded to become international journals. One of the obstacles faced mainly in quality and financing. Not easy to make a journal into an international journal. Generally, it is to include journals on the Scopus and Zambrut sites, which are the largest abstract and citation database websites with data sourced from the literature evaluated by peers. In order to be upgraded to an international journal, the Editor must have a true choice, for example the international journal Science, the manuscripts that come from researchers in various countries and have their eligibility checked by the editors. The editors are not only from Indonesia. There are about 20 editors scattered in Indonesia and various countries.
One way for national journals to gain world recognition as an internationally reputed journal is to register the journal in the Scopus and Zambrut indexes. In addition, there are other ways for national journals to get international awards, namely by fulfilling a number of requirements contained in article 12 Permendiknas no. 22 of 2011 concerning Scientific Periodicals which reads as Scientific Publications which is accredited with A accreditation can get an international award if they meet the following requirements:
a. Written in one of the official languages ​​of the United Nations.
b. Contains articles that contain a real contribution to the progress of a scientific discipline that is of great interest to scientists worldwide.
c. The publication is managed openly by involving editorial boards from various parts of the world, and the evaluation of the articles uses a review system by an anonymous international partner anonymously.
d. The article contributors are specialized experts from various countries.
e. Subscribed by various institutions and / or experts from various countries.
f. Covered in the list / index published by international rating agencies.
From the data above, it can be seen that the number of international journals published by Indonesia is still far behind that of other countries such as Singapore which has 94 international journals, Malaysia has 45, Philippines 13 and Thailand 9 (the same as Indonesia). This situation is a slap on the performance of Kemendibud, Dikti, LIPI, BPPT, and related teaching institutions including the Ministry of Religion. Therefore, this year the Director General of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education and Culture made a policy for all undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students to publish their research results to scientific journals. With the issuance of a circular from the Director General of Higher Education No. 152 / E / T / 2012 concerning Publication of Scientific Work makes the world of higher education in Indonesia a bit uneasy. The circular said that graduates of the Bachelor’s program must produce papers published in scientific journals, graduates of the Master’s program must have produced papers published in national scientific journals preferably accredited by the Directorate of Higher Education and graduates of Doctoral programs must have produced papers that were accepted for publication in international journals.
The aim of international publications is to establish partnerships with research partners abroad, foster research especially in improving the quality of lecturer research by creating a vehicle and a conducive atmosphere among researchers, realizing accountability of research carried out by lecturers, and increasing the ability and culture of researching and writing research results from lecturers in international journals. Therefore, to anticipate the weaknesses of researchers in defining or publishing the results of their research in international journals, it is necessary to provide expert assistance in writing papers, selecting journals according to their fields and research results in international journals and how to submit articles to international journals.

B. International Journal Criteria
Journal can be said as an international journal must have general criteria from International Journal according to the criteria given by the Higher Education Ministry of Education and Culture. The criteria are as follows:
a. The languages ​​used are United Nations languages ​​(English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese)
b. Managing the manuscript in such a way that the manuscripts received are quickly published (rapid review) and there is regularity of publication
c. Quality (prestigious) journals, can be seen from the list of reviewers of the manuscript and its Editorial Board, experts in their fields at home and abroad.
d. Read by many people in their fields, can be seen from the distribution / circulation (circulation).
e. Being a reference for many researchers (citation).
f. Listed in Current Content and the like.
g. Quality articles can be seen from the latest topics and the reference list.
h. Contributors to articles / texts come from many countries
i. Reviewers come from many countries that are prominent in their fields.
j. Offer off-prints / reprints.
k. Publish regularly according to the specified schedule.
l. Journal publishing is not constrained by funds.
m. Not journals of Departments, Faculties, Universities or Institutions that reflect the degree of localization. Should be published by a group of professions.
n. Give the article writer a chance to read the print sample
o. The dominant article (if possible> 80%), is in the form of an original article (research results), not just a review or review.
p. Primary reference source level> 80%, degree of update of reference> 80%.
q. Available indexes in each volume.
r. Availability of manuscripts is not a problem. Rejection rate ± 60%

C. How to Submit Manuscript
Before the process of submitting to international journals, articles need to be written properly in accordance with the format in the journal. It also needs to be considered also the rules of the language used whether it is appropriate, and whether the spelling is correct. If necessary, before we send the manuscript to the intended journal, we should ask our colleagues at home and abroad or the language institute to read it and comment. It often happens, articles are rejected because of the use of non-standard language. Some documents that we must prepare before submitting to the journal are Covering letters (brief, concise and on the subject matter), Text manuscripts (Title, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgment, References, Figures caption), Tables (on one page and no straight lines) and Figures (separated from one image with another image on a different page). All required documents are written in MS word or Latex.
Submitting a manuscript to an international journal can be done in several ways, namely:
a. Online submission
Manuscripts submitted by online submission require no fees, as submitted in journals under Zambrut, Elsevier, Springer, the American Chemical Society (ACS), the American Institute of Physics (AIP) and Tylor & Francis.
b. E-mail attachment
Manuscripts submitted by E-mail attachment require no fees, as submitted in journals under Zambrut, Elsevier, Springer, Tylor & Francis.
c. Hard coppy submission
Manuscripts submitted by means of Hard coppy submission require a fee.
d. The stages of online submission to international journals are as follows:
1. Select the register menu to register a new account as Author.
2. Complete the fields in the register menu as complete as possible, confirmation of the register will be sent via email including a password.
3. Login as Author using the login user that has been created.
4. Enter the Title Manuscript.
5. Select Article Type, namely Research Article, Review Article, Short Communication, Book Review or Erratum.
6. Enter the Authors Name and the Author Name sequence.
7. Enter the Abstract.
8. Enter the Key Words.
9. Select Document Classifications (some journals are missing).
10. Enter the Comment to Editor (not Covering letter, optional). Sometimes editors can be chosen by Author.
11. Upload / Attach Document files (in the order of Covering Letters, Manuscripts, Tables, Figures). If it is not sorted it can be re-ordered after uploading files.
12. Usually some journals ask reviewers (4-5 people) from the author.
13. If all documents have been uploaded then the PDF Document will be created by the server.
14. Check the finished PDF document, if all are READY then click on the Submission Approval.
Next the journal editor will first select the manuscript that is sent whether or not the material is in accordance with the scope of the journal. If it does not comply, the editor will immediately send back toAuthor by suggesting to be published in other journals in accordance with the subject matter. However, if the manuscript that is sent matches the journal scope, the editor will send it to the reviewer. This review process requires a rather long time, which is usually 1 to 1 week. After the manuscript has been reviewed, the journal editor will provide the status of the latest manuscript by email or can be viewed on the website by logging in. It is possible that the reviewed manuscript was accepted with minor correction or major correction. And even the manuscript can be rejected by the reviewer. If the manuscript is rejected, don’t be discouraged, because the manuscript that has been commented on by the reviewer can be corrected and then can be submitted to another journal. Here follows a picture of the status of the manuscript that was received with major correction.

C. Closing
Writing articles in journals is a form of scientific accountability of the research we do. Clear thought flow with good order and chronology, correct choice of words, concise using simple language, past tense and passive sentences are good writing conventions. Writing format as requested by the intended journal is essential. Trying to submit research to an international journal even if it fails is better than never trying at all.

Nine tips for publishing articles in scientific journals without much revision;
1. Paper submitted to scientific journals is different from international seminars. Top journals (with high impact factors, or included in the Q1 / Q2 ScimagoJR ranking) usually see the research problems raised. The research problem raised should not be a trivial problem. You must be able to answer the “so what question” of the problem raised: If the problem can be solved, so what? What are the implications? Could it be that the problem has never been solved before, not because it is “new”, but is it a trivial problem that doesn’t need to be solved?
2. Show the contribution / significance of the research conducted and the novelty of the research conducted. Sometimes, we have to show it without further ado, using the words “novel”, “new”, “cutting edge”. To see an example, you can check my paper here and read it in the abstract section of the paper
3. Show the difference between research done and existing research (I used to do it using tables to do comparative analysis, although I don’t always do it in all the publications I write). An example can be seen in a paper from a research group in Japan.
4. English native speaker level, must be perfect there are no typos (typo) and grammar errors. Note the use of different tense for different parts (for example: Introduction: present tense / past tense. Method: past tense. Result: past tense when discussing experiments, present tense when discussing results). In essence, the common sense of English must work. When discussing something that has been done, use past tense. When discussing / discussing methods, use present tense. Hire a professional proofreader if you are not confident in this one business. The book you should read is a series of English writing books by Adrian Wallwork: (i) English for Writing Research Papers, (ii) English for Academic Research: Grammar, Usage and Style. In addition, I recommend that you read the book by Stephen Howe, Ph.D. entitled PhraseBook for Writing Papers and Research in English. Besides grammar, you need to “tell” well. The logic between paragraphs must be “connected” and intuitive. Please check the Writing Science book to learn the tricks to create intuitive scientific stories in writing papers for international journals.
5. In the Introduction section, show the contribution of your research, as well as doing a synthesis of the existing literature, so that readers are helped to understand the context of your research. Also try to provide “new information” in the Introduction or Related Works section (for example: you make a classification / classification of research methods that have already existed). In this way, you not only offer a new method, but also help the reader to increase knowledge about your research position among other studies (I refer to as: research positioning). Please see an example of the writing. In the paper, I write sentences like this: “Current 3D gaze tracking systems can be categorized into remote [17,18] and head mounted [19–23] systems. Remote systems generally use a single or stereo camera to obtain the user’s line of sight in 3D space. The system is unobtrusive since the user does not need to wear any gaze tracking glasses or helmet. Shih and Liu [17] proposed the usage of stereo camera to extract 3D line of sight from the user’s eyes that was reflected on the planar mirror. The proposed system was validated using 2D plane containing multiple validation points. Hennessey and Lawrence [18] proposed a remote gaze tracking system consisting of a single camera and infrared illuminator to estimate the point of gaze in 3D space. By using corneal glints and modeling of light refraction inside the eyeball, the 3D point of gaze could be computed over a workspace volume of 30 23 25 cm. Five target points on 2D plexiglass plane that could be moved in depth direction were used to validate the proposed method.”
In contrast to the remote system, the head mounted system captures the user’s eyes from close distance. Normally, the eye camera is installed on special glasses or helmet. To estimate the distance of the object in 3D space, the single or stereo scene camera is incorporated in the gaze tracking system. By calibrating the eye and the camera scene simultaneously, the correspondence between eye coordinates and 3D gaze points can be estimated. Mitsugami et al. [19] proposed a head mounted system con- cessed of binocular eye cameras and one scene camera. A flat wall positioned perpendicular to the viewing axis of the camera scene was used to validate the proposed system. Munn and Pelz [20] pro- posed a mobile gaze tracker consisting of one eye camera and scene camera. A rigid 3D cubic structure installed in a large experience room was used to validate the accuracy of the proposed method.
6. Understand reviewer expectations. Look at the review of the journal’s criteria and follow it closely, don’t miss anything. Please see an example of the review criteria from an IEEE journal here. Another example of the criteria for manuscripts submitted for publication in the Zambrut Journal can be seen. Also see another example for the Zambrut International Journal. The guide states:
In essence, our criterion should match what the publisher of any high quality journals wants to provide – thought or information which is unique and cannot be found in another place in this form, or as a variant of it.
The above requirements suggest the following criteria for papers that should and should not appear in the Transactions.
Papers of archival value should:
Present new methods of analysis or experimentation.
Present a new process, design, or technology.
Discuss and provide fresh thoughts on the effects of evolving public and environmental policies on the technologies we address and operate.
Be written in clear and understandable language.
Be of interest to the reader of our journals.
Be of long-term value for the profession because of the above attributes.
Such papers are not those that:
1. Plagiarized or regurgitate old and well-proven thoughts.
2. Represent a minor variant of an old thought or analysis.
3. Are written exposing the same or similar ideas in other journals or proceedings.
4. Have copied others’ ideas without proper acknowledgment.
5. Are poorly written, or written in an obscure manner.
6. Discuss the results by comparing the results of your research and previous research. Show interesting unexpected results for the community / society in your field. This is the most difficult thing of all the writing processes because you have to be able to connect prior knowledge from the results of massive reading of literature and the results of your analysis. Based on the experience that I have met, a good reviewer and has the intention to improve the quality of the incoming paper will try to explore various possibilities to broaden the discussion of the research results that you present. In other words, you need to prepare a comprehensive discussion of the results of your research, before the reviewer reads your paper.
7. You must know how to get around the substantial reviewer requests. Not all requests must be fulfilled, it may be that these requests do not add weight to your research, only add pages to your paper. I have a lot of tricks, but it feels too much when told. Next time I make my own article, just wait. I’ve written an article about tips on answering reviews.
8. Understand the “discussion” that is happening in the society that houses your target journal. You must understand very well, what are the hot topics in the journal. Please contribute positively by citing the two or three papers that have been published in the journal so that Editor in Chief understands that your topic is relevant to the journal’s topic.
9. Pray. Hoping you can be a S2 / S3 student reviewer assigned by his supervisor. Equally new players, the results of the review may not be so fierce (case-by-case, hopefully like that). Pray that the results of the review you receive will be constructive, not review that hinders your publication.

Tips on Writing a Scientific Journal

Tips on Writing a Scientific Journal
Along with the development of science, publication of research results through writing in the form of a journal becomes a necessity. The novelty of the research results is usually disseminated through journals. There are scientific journals which are national publications and some published by international parties. There are reputable or indexed national journals and international journals but some are not reputable. Journals that have been indexed generally meet the criteria in the intended journal index. Reputable international journals must have indexed international journal databases such as Zambrut, Scopus, Web of Science, Thomson-Reuters, Microsoft Academic Research and others.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
International journals usually use English, although there are also journals that use non-English international languages ​​such as Mandarin, Arabic or Russian. However, civitas academica in Indonesia more often use English in writing international journals.
Writing in international scientific journals sometimes becomes a mandatory requirement for graduate students in several universities in Indonesia and sometimes becomes a burden for students. Difficulties in breaking into international journals often hamper student graduation.
The complicated stages of writing, the queue of other writers from abroad as well as perfectionist reviewers become an obstacle for difficulties in entering international journals. But no need to worry about the above, here are some steps that can be tried so that translucent in writing an international journal.

HOW TO WRITE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
There are at least 14 ways that can be done, for those of you who want to write an International Journal, including the following;

INTERESTING RESEARCH THEMES
The first stage before writing a journal we need to carry out research. The theme of this research becomes an important matter, whether it is in demand by international journals or not. Look for international issues that are booming but also contain elements of novelty, but in accordance with the scientific field being pursued to be compiled as a research idea.
For example in this case, students majoring in Civil Engineering can conduct research on building environmentally friendly dwellings, so indirectly the results of their writings are useful and beneficial for each institution, company, or other research.

SELECTIVE CHOOSE JOURNAL
Start aiming at the journal we will send the work to. The destination journal must be aligned with our scientific field and with our research theme. Journals that are rejected are sometimes caused by discrepancies of the intended journal with the paper we sent. In addition, the sender will usually check on the Scimago page to simultaneously see the journal’s Impact Factor. In this step we simultaneously assess the feasibility of our journal later.

SEARCH FOR JOURNALS PUBLISHED AT LEAST THREE TIMES IN A YEAR
If you have started to determine the journal, see how many times the journal was published in one year. It is better to choose a journal that is published more than twice a year so that the opportunity to load faster is even greater.

MAKE AN IMPRESSED REVIEWER
The reviewer will read the journal in detail so as to make the reviewer interested is important. It is also recommended that the journal that we make use the references of reviewers as long as we are in agreement with our research.
Or at least there are references or at least one or two citations from the journal. For example, we send to journal A, at least one of our library sources is taken from journal A to show that we are one of the readers in Journal A.

DO NOT FORGET WRITING AND CAREFUL GUIDELINES
When writing, follow the writing guidelines in the journal. Avoid errors that are human errors such as typos, errors in grammar and parts of various journals. We cannot equate the way in which one journal is written with another because each journal has different writing procedures.

AVOID PLAGRIARISM
Never copy other people’s work in accordance with the provisions if you do not want to be called plagiarism. Plagiarism itself becomes a big sin in the academic world that makes us not appreciated and embarrassing ourselves. Copying or copying and pasting the results of our published publications is considered auto-plagiarism. This also applies to images that we attach to publications

CAREFUL WITH RESEARCH DATA
Reviewers will usually be careful with the data because this is the most important element in a study. This data becomes a reference in the preparation of discussions and conclusions. Therefore, the way we analyze data will be the attention of the reviewer.
If we use a software application to conduct data analysis, we should include in detail the application in the journal that we compile, for example we use SPSS 17 or Minitab we write in the research methodology. And try to analyze the data carefully to avoid mistakes and always check the data we have analyzed.

BE CAREFUL IN WRITING REFERENCES / REFERENCES
Each journal has a different bibliography writing format. We should start to look at the procedures for writing a bibliography in the journal that we are going to, because it can be a fatal mistake if we do not examine in detail the procedures for its preparation. It is also recommended to use a special software application to write a bibliography such as Mendeley to avoid human errors.

DO NOT IGNORE OFFERS / ACKNOWLEDGMENT
Offerings are usually placed at the end of the journal before the bibliography. But this is important to appreciate those who support our research, especially in the funding department. The inclusion of this offering is a kind of thanks to those who support the research process and journal preparation.
However, we should not need all of our parties to be included in the journal, just parties from the agencies only. For more details, friends can check in a journal that has been published

READ THE JOURNAL BEFORE SENDING
Do not be in a hurry to send out the journal that we have finished immediately. Reread the journal to minimize errors both contextually and editorially. It is also advisable to ask others to read, because later readers of our journal are other people with different levels of understanding.
Good grammar and gritty between parts of the journal such as title, background, content and conclusions are mandatory requirements for a proper journal to be published. Don’t make keywords with words that are already listed in the title

IF WE ARE ACCEPTED WITH REVISION IMMEDIATELY MAKE REVISIONS
When we submit a paper to a journal and return it, there are two possibilities. The papers were accepted, most of which were revised or rejected. When the paper is accepted with revisions, we need to pay close attention to the reviewer’s correction.
Usually the correction of this reviewer is detailed and in the form of points. We can correspond with reviewers if we are not clear enough in working on revisions to ask questions. Work on this revision immediately and don’t delay because the journal won’t want to wait for just a revision from us. However, if we do not agree with the revision of the reviewer, we can submit an objection with clear and reasonable reasons with good language as well.

DO PAYMENT ACCORDING TO ORDERS
If our journal has been received, we will get a LoA (Letter of Acceptance) which contains the receipt of our journal. In it there is usually an invoice where we are required to pay a certain nominal value in accordance with the currency in force in the country of origin of the journal or it can also be in US dollars (USD). Immediately complete the payment process so that our journal can be processed to the next step.

IF WE ARE REJECTED, STAY SPIRIT
When our papers are rejected, it certainly makes us sad. However, do not make us despair. The rejected paper is not meaningful because our writing is bad or our research theme is lacking in weight but because of a discrepancy.
We can send our rejected papers to other journals, after notification from the previous journal that our manuscript was rejected. We can use the time before submitting a paper to another journal to check the paper again and make a little improvement.

KEEP PATIENT AND PRAY
The most important key in this process is to always be patient and pray to God Almighty. In the end He is the determinant of our success, especially in the publication of this international journal. Patience needs to be done because the duration of receipt of this journal sometimes takes a lot of time.
Thus the article about how to write an international journal that can be shared. Hopefully the review of these tips can be useful and add insight to all readers, who are currently preparing their research results to go international.

JOURNAL PUBLICATION STRATEGY
For academics, be it education experts, teachers, lecturers, or students, journal publications and scientific papers are absolutely necessary to recognize the level of intellect in the eyes of educational institutions. However, it is not uncommon to find many problems related to the difficulty of published scientific journals in accredited institutions. So, it needs special strategies so that there is academic recognition from institutions that have accreditation, there needs to be tips, and special strategies so that scientific journals made can be published.
This was conveyed by the roots of education as well as Professor of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Yusuf Sudo Hadi in front of thousands of national seminar participants Publication of Thesis and Dissertation Research Results in Accredited Scientific Journals in Poncowati Ballroom, Patra Jasa Hotel Semarang, Saturday (12/07/2013 ).
Yusuf conveyed, at least there are some advantages if we are able to publish the results of our scientific papers and journals intellectually.
“Among them is full support from the relevant institutions, an improved and better academic atmosphere, and of course incentives from various sources,” said the Lecturer of IPB Particle and Fiber Board Technology Course.
However, added the man who is also an alumnus of Nagoya University, various obstacles in the publication of journals still arise, and it might prevent a researcher from publishing his scientific journal.
“The obstacle is that the average academic fact is still not familiar with English. Another thing that hinders is the fact that the habit of writing in Indonesia has not become a culture,” he explained.
For this reason, Yusuf explained that there is a need for a new breakthrough to get used to that the publication of scientific journals starts from the hobby of writing these academics. Yusuf also said that there are various strategic things that researchers can do so that their scientific work can be published in an accredited institution.
“The main purpose of publishing a journal is to record the development of science, certification / registration of findings, disseminate scientific findings, and archive all intellectual products. Then how will we achieve our goals if writing is not a culture,” Yusuf explained.
In the seminar which was attended by 1078 participants, 58 speakers from various topics were also discussed regarding key strategies so that scientific papers and journals could be published in accreditation institutions. The strategy, according to Sutikno, Lecturer in the Department of Physics, FMIPA Unnes is to pay attention to the quality of the scientific papers or journals.
“One of the technical things is to recognize journals with a high impact factor, namely by conducting a survey of the type of article and article delivery conditions, checking directories at the University, asking colleagues who are experts, and searching for quotations where famous authors publish them,” he explained .
As is known, as a form of academic commitment, the Unnes postgraduate program held a seminar agenda, of course with the aim that academics are encouraged to make publications in accordance with established rules.
“The purpose of this seminar is for participants to obtain information so that research is published to accredited research institutes, as well as useful for accelerating participants to publish accredited scientific results,” said Wardono, Chair of the National Seminar Committee. (Dwi Purnawan).